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Regiones petroleras - Medio Oriente

Oil and gas fields in the Levant, Egypt and the Persian Gulf.

Middle East geographic

A NASA globe software World Wind satellite image of the Middle East.

BackgroundEdit

Oil production had peaked in the USA and West Germany leaving them prone to an oil embargo. The embargo was a response to American involvement in the 1973 Yom Kippur War 6 days after Egypt and Syria launched a surprise military campaign against Israel to regain territories lost in the anti-Semitic June 1967 Six-Day War, the US supplied Israel with arms. In response to this, Organization_of_Arab_Petroleum_Exporting_Countries Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), consisting of the  Arab  members of the OPEC plus Egypt, Syria and Tunisia) announced an oil embargo against Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the USA.

The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) is and generally was a multi-governmental organization headquartered in Kuwait which coordinates energy policies between oil-producing Arab nations, and whose main purpose is developmental, but was also a club for Arabs to co-ordinate how to screw oil money out of the West and plot against Israel.

The crisis had a major impact on international relations and created a rift within NATO. Some European nations and Japan sought to disassociate themselves from United States foreign policy in the Middle East. Whilst Japan was running scared of an oil embargo and did not relay have much to do with the Middle East, several European nations agreed with the Arabs and/or were anti-Semitic in nature. It was also, and still is, a uniquely European trait to adore and fawn up to bullies (Adolf Hitler, OAPEC, Saddam Hussein, Mao Te Sung, Vladimir Putin...).

The crisisEdit

The 1970s energy crisis was a period in which the economies of the major industrial countries of the world, particularly the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand were heavily affected, along with some lesser nation like Poland and Brazil, who faced substantial petroleum shortages, real and perceived, as well as elevated prices. Increased demand had coincided with political trouble in the Middle East which reduced supplies from that region.

The 2 worst crises of this period were the 1973 oil crisis and the 1979 energy crisis, caused by interruptions in exports from the Middle East, for example in 1979 due to the Iranian Revolution.

AftermathEdit

In the WestEdit

Windscale Britains Biggest Nuclear Disaster (Nothing compared to Fukushima)01:27:52

Windscale Britains Biggest Nuclear Disaster (Nothing compared to Fukushima).

Windscale Britain's Biggest Nuclear Disaster (Nothing compared to Fukushima).

Atomic accident map

An atomic accident map.

  • Japan- Nuclear power en mass.
  • France- Nuclear power en mass.
  • UK- More nuclear power and North Sea oil use.
  • Netherlands- More North Sea gas use.
  • W. Germany- More nuclear power and North Sea oil use.
  • USA- Soured more oil from South America and Mexico. More nuclear power. Three Mile Island Power Plant is expanded. Solar, wind, tidal and geothermal power tested out.
  • Brazil- Alcohol fueled cars are tried out in places.
  • Switzerland- More hydro-power plants and more nuclear power.
  • Canada- More use of oil shales.

In the EastEdit

The USSR made a lot of money selling oil and Poland nearly went bankrupt and reverted back to using Soviet oil.

In the Arab World and the Middle EastEdit

It helped tilt Arab opinion and international interest away from the progressive Arab nationalists and Baathist's and in favor of the brutal, fundamentalist regimes in Saudi Arabia and Iran. Many Arab states obviously lost lots of money due to reduced oil exports.

In non-Arab OPEC members like Mexico and VenezuelaEdit

More drilling contacts, rising consumption in industrialised nations and high prices meant loads of petro-dollars! $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Technical noteEdit

Nuclear powered ships like the USS Enterprise (CVN-65) (which had 8 × Westinghouse A2W nuclear reactors) and the Ice Breaker Lenin, as well as nuclear subs like the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) were able to use atomic power for up to a year between reactor re-fuelings. So in this case an oil embargo was irrelevant to them and their kindred vessels.

Also seeEdit

  1. Yom Kippur War
  2. Six-Day War
  3. Nickel
  4. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  5. Oil sands
  6. Oil shales
  7. Gilsonite/bitumen stone
  8. Natural a tar (AKA- pitch) pit
  9. Natural asphalt/bitumen
  10. Tight oil
  11. Energy industry
  12. Useful metals
  13. Mineral mining, smelting and shipping videos
  14. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  15. Energy and resources
  16. Energy industry
  17. Iranian Revolution
  18. Middle East
  19. Time line of Iraq
  20. OPEC
  21. Gulf Cooperation Council
  22. Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
  23. Unconventional oil reserves

 LinksEdit

  1. http://cr.middlebury.edu/es/altenergylife/70%27s.htm
  2. http://www.history.com/topics/energy-crisis
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970s_energy_crisis
  4. http://www.wisegeek.org/how-did-the-70s-energy-crisis-affect-the-united-states.htm
  5. http://americanhistory.si.edu/powering/past/history3.htm
  6. http://cr.middlebury.edu/es/altenergylife/70%27s.htm
  7. http://www.history.com/topics/energy-crisis
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970s_energy_crisis
  9. http://www.wisegeek.org/how-did-the-70s-energy-crisis-affect-the-united-states.htm
  10. http://americanhistory.si.edu/powering/past/history3.htm
  11. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Organization_of_Arab_Petroleum_Exporting_Countries

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