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Cold War alliances mid-1975

The "three worlds" of the Cold War era, as of the period between April 1975 and August 1975. Neutral and non-aligned countries shown in green.

The termEdit

The term "cold" used in "Cold War" was chosen because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, although there were major regional wars, known as proxy wars, supported by the two sides. The Cold War split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the Soviet Union and the United States as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences.

Historical backgroundEdit

The Cold War was a term used to describe the tensions between the USA and the USSR after World War 2. The Origins of the Cold War were rooted in many issues of an complex and politically threatening origin.

The eraEdit

  • The U.N.'s flag.
  • This is a locator map of the former Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI).
  • Palau District Police greet the UN Visiting Mission to the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (1973).
  • The United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York, also known as the Norwegian Room.
  • UN General Assembly's hall.
  • A multinational UN battalion at the 2008 Bastille Day military parade. Date: 2008. Attribution: © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 2.5.
  • Flag of the GDR.
  • The alternate flag of W. Germany.
  • Bosnian separatist flag and national the flag from 1992 to 1998.
  • Flag od the EU.
  • The USSR's Flag.
  • The flag of the Peoples' Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville).
  • The flag of Rhodesia.
  • U.N.I.T.A.'s flag.
  • Flag of Angola.
  • Flag of Mozambique.
  • Flag of the M.P.L.A.
  • The official communist Polish flag.
  • The official flag of W. Germany.
  • The N. Vietnamese\unified Vietnamese flag.
  • S. Vietnamese flag.

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed.

The period 1945-1991 and more specifically the interactions, directly or through proxies, between 'the West' and 'the Communist states.'

The Cold War was the time of Modern History spanning from the Yalta Conference on Febuary 4, 1945, to December 31, 1991 at the formal end the Soviet Union. The Cold war was not a formal war, but a series of Proxy Wars and buildup of nuclear and and non-nuclear weapons, predominantly between the Warsaw Pact and other Communist countrys and the NATO and American forces. During this period in history, the ideologys of Communism and Democracy swept throughout the world. The USA and USSR were both Super-powers at this time.

The East and West completed mostly over sport, science, the arts, space and atomic arms.

The USSR was a Marxist–Leninist state ruled by its Communist Party and secret police, who in turn were ruled by a dictator (Stalin) or a small committee ("Politburo"). The Party controlled the press, the military, the economy and all organizations. It also controlled the other states in the Eastern bloc, and funded Communist parties around the world, sometimes in competition with Communist China, particularly following the Sino-Soviet split of the 1960s. In opposition stood the West, dominantly democratic and capitalist with a free press and independent organizations. A small neutral bloc arose with the Non-Aligned Movement; it sought good relations with both sides. The two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat, but they were heavily armed in preparation for a possible all-out nuclear world war. Each side had a nuclear deterrent that discouraged an attack by the other side, on the basis that such an attack would lead to total destruction of the attacker: the doctrine of mutually assured destruction (MAD). Aside from the development of the two sides' nuclear arsenals, and deployment of conventional military forces, the struggle for dominance was expressed via proxy wars around the globe, psychological warfare, massive propaganda campaigns and espionage, rivalry at sports events, and technological competitions such as the Space Race.

The first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc, while the United States began a strategy of global containment to challenge Soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of Western Europe (for example, supporting the anti-communist side in the Greek Civil War) and creating the NATO alliance. The Berlin Blockade (1948–49) was the first major crisis of the Cold War. With the victory of the communist side in the Chinese Civil War and the outbreak of the Korean War (1950–53), the conflict expanded. The USSR and USA competed for influence in Latin America, and the decolonizing states of Africa and Asia. Meanwhile, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 was stopped by the Soviets. The expansion and escalation sparked more crises, such as the Suez Crisis (1956), the Berlin Crisis of 1961, and the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, a new phase began that saw the Sino-Soviet split complicate relations within the communist sphere, while US allies, particularly France, demonstrated greater independence of action. The USSR crushed the 1968 Prague Spring liberalization program in Czechoslovakia, and the Vietnam War (1955–75) ended with a defeat of the US-backed Republic of South Vietnam, prompting further adjustments.

By the 1970s, both sides had become interested in accommodations to create a more stable and predictable international system, inaugurating a period of détente that saw Strategic Arms Limitation Talks and the US opening relations with the People's Republic of China as a strategic counterweight to the Soviet Union. Détente collapsed at the end of the decade with the Soviet war in Afghanistan beginning in 1979. The early 1980s were another period of elevated tension, with the Soviet downing of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 (1983), and the "Able Archer" NATO military exercises (1983). The United States increased diplomatic, military, and economic pressures on the Soviet Union, at a time when the communist state was already suffering from economic stagnation. In the mid-1980s, the new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced the liberalizing reforms of perestroika ("reorganization", 1987) and glasnost ("openness", c. 1985) and ended Soviet involvement in Afghanistan. Pressures for national independence grew stronger in Eastern Europe, especially Poland. Mikhail Gorbachev meanwhile refused to use Soviet troops to bolster the faltering Warsaw Pact regimes as had occurred in the past. The result in 1989 was a wave of revolutions that peacefully (with the exception of the Romanian Revolution) overthrew all of the communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union itself lost control and was banned following an abortive coup attempt in August 1991. This in turn led to the formal dissolution of the USSR in December 1991 and the collapse of communist regimes in other countries such as Mongolia, Cambodia and South Yemen. The United States remained as the world's only superpower.


The Cold War and its events have left a significant legacy. It is often referred to in popular culture, especially in media featuring themes of espionage (e.g. the internationally successful James Bond movie franchise) and the threat of nuclear warfare.



Brazilian Air Force 2015 A-1 AMX Fighter-Bomber in action - Caça-Bombardeiro A-1 AMX em Ação-004:22

Brazilian Air Force 2015 A-1 AMX Fighter-Bomber in action - Caça-Bombardeiro A-1 AMX em Ação-0

Brazilian Air Force 2015: A-1 AMX Fighter-Bomber in action - Caça-Bombardeiro A-1 AMX em Ação.

MiG 29K LANDING on Admiral Gorshkov Aircraft Carrier RARE VIDEO03:38

MiG 29K LANDING on Admiral Gorshkov Aircraft Carrier RARE VIDEO

MiG 29K LANDING on Admiral Gorshkov Aircraft Carrier.

Reforger II - NATO Exercise (1970)32:30

Reforger II - NATO Exercise (1970)

Reforger II - NATO Exercise (1970).

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Image galleryEdit

Also seeEdit

  1. UN
  2. CND
  3. Sport
  4. Culture
  5. Missiles
  6. Berlin airlift
  7. Vietnam War
  8. Marshall Plan
  9. Truman doctrine
  10. Cold War Timeline
  11. Space Satellites
  12. Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
  13. 1950–1953 Korean War
  14. Seven days to the River Rhine (1979)
  15. Weather Underground Organization (WUO)
  16. Cold War secret police organisations
  17. Cold War radio jamming
  18. Communist parties
  19. Cold War radio propaganda
  20. Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
  21. Revolutionary Internationalist Movement
  22. Red Brigades (in Italy)
  23. Black Liberation Army (BLA)
  24. Ordine Nuovo
  25. Submarines
  26. A political diorama
  27. Heidi Krieger/Andreas Krieger
  28. Weather modification
  29. Cuban Missile Crisis
  30. Communist old guard
  31. Portuguese Colonial War
  32. List of Korean Republics
  33. Popular UK Cold War era geopolitical myths and false beliefs
  34. Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
  35. Communist parties
  36. Major Cold War wars that killed over 250,000 people
  37. Daewoo Group and Daewoo Corporation
  38. The Korean Peninsular!
  39. Why South Vietnamese women wore cardigans in Israel
  40. Secret service radio numbers stations
  41. Radio buzzers and akin stations
  42. Secret service radio stations
  43. Letter beacon
  44. The "La Técnica" torture center
  45. The rules of war
  46. The 1950 United Kingdom general election
  47. Warsaw Pact
  48. Ivalo Airfield
  49. Helsinki Vantaa Highway Strip
  50. Helsinki Vantaa Airport
  51. Hyvinkää Airfield
  52. Oulu Air Base
  53. Immola Airfield
  54. Directory of all Indochinese wars in the Cold War
  55. Popular UK Cold War era geopolitical myths and false beliefs
  56. Atomic warfare information notes.
  57. Atomic\nuclear war
  58. The atomic artillery peace ‘Atomic Annie’
  59. Atomic accidents and disasters
  60. The 1950 United Kingdom general election
  61. Super-power
  62. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  63. Europe
  64. Africa
  65. South America
  66. North America
  67. Central America and the Caribbean
  68. The Middle East
  69. South Asia
  70. East Asia
  71. South East Asia
  72. Oceania
  73. The Arctic and the Antarctica
  74. Outer space
  75. Science
  76. Operation Chrome Dome
  77. 1950–1953 Korean War
  78. Vietnam War
  79. Portuguese Colonial War
  80. NATO
  81. Warsaw Pact
  82. Nukes
  83. Military exercises
  84. "Reds under the bed"
  85. House Committee on Un-American Activities
  86. Directory of all Indochinese wars in the Cold War
  87. Today's OTL types of economies, societies and regimes
  88. UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  89. Weather modification
  90. Iranian Revolution
  91. Organisations
  92. Radar
  93. Aircraft
  94. Bombers
  95. Navy
  96. Weather modification
  97. Missiles
  98. Tanks and APCs
  99. USSR
  100. Eastern Bloc
  101. The UN
  102. Communist Parties
  103. Nations
  104. Films
  105. Biographies
  106. Energy industry
  107. Sport
  108. National leaders
  109. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  110. Arab–Israeli conflict
  111. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  112. North Yemen Civil War
  113. Inner German Border
  114. EBU
  115. ECOWAS
  116. EU
  117. CACM
  118. India
  119. Pakistan
  120. Six-Day War
  121. Suez Crisis
  122. Aden Emergency
  123. Yom Kippur War
  124. Time line of Iraq
  125. 1948 Palestine war
  126. Iranian Revolution
  127. 1970s energy crises
  128. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  129. What women should wear in the Middle East
  130. Mineral mining, smelting and shipping videos
  131. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  132. Iranian videos page
  133. Iran-Iraq war
  134. Palestine vs Israel
  135. 1970s energy crises
  136. 1953 Iranian coup d'état
  137. What women should wear in the Middle East
  138. Bourj el-Barajneh and it's refugee camp
  139. Six-Day War
  140. Suez Crisis
  141. Dhofar Rebellion
  142. Omani Civil War
  143. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  144. The Al-Wadiah War (1969)
  145. October 28, 1972 Cairo Agreement
  146. Israel invasion of Lebanon in 1982
  147. Qibya massacre
  148. Aden Emergency
  149. Yom Kippur War
  150. Time line of Iraq
  151. 1948 Palestine war
  152. Iranian Revolution
  153. 1970s energy crises
  154. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  155. What women should wear in the Middle East
  156. Mineral mining, smelting and shipping videos
  157. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  158. Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
  159. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  160. United Nations General Assembly
  161. Secretary-General of the United Nations
  162. UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  163. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758
  164. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1
  165. United Nations Security Council Resolution 54
  166. Cold War secret police organisations
  167. Cold War radio jamming
  168. Cold War radio propaganda
  169. Cold War Timeline
  170. Space Satellites
  171. Seven days to the River Rhine (1979)
  172. Berlin airlift
  173. Marshall Plan
  174. Truman doctrine
  175. Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
  176. 1950–1953 Korean War
  177. Vietnam War
  178. Weather Underground Organization (WUO)
  179. Communist parties
  180. Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
  181. Revolutionary Internationalist Movement
  182. Red Brigades (in Italy)
  183. Black Liberation Army (BLA)
  184. Ordine Nuovo
  185. CND
  186. Submarines
  187. A political diorama
  188. Heidi Krieger/Andreas Krieger
  189. Weather modification
  190. Missiles
  191. Cuban Missile Crisis
  192. Communist old guard
  193. Portuguese Colonial War
  194. Popular UK Cold War era geopolitical myths and false beliefs
  195. Atomic warfare information notes.
  196. Atomic\nuclear war
  197. The atomic artillery peace ‘Atomic Annie’
  198. Atomic accidents and disasters
  199. The 1950 United Kingdom general election
  200. Super-power

Outside sourcesEdit


Other relevant wikisEdit

  • Cold War and Post Cold War History Wiki [1]
  • Cold War [2], [3] and [4]

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