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Moedlareuth betonmauer

A high wall and watchtowers divided the village of Mödlareuth in Bavaria/Thuringia. A stretch of the wall still stands as a memorial to the division of Germany.

Sparnberg 1980s

Sparnberg on the Saale in the mid-1980s, enclosed behind a concrete wall.

The planEdit

The Soviets had no intention of letting Germany reunify as a neutral or later pro-Western state and began to close the border down. It was de facto closed off in 1952 and formally sealed off in 1961 to stop the mass exodus of East Germans to West Germany.

Between October 1945 and June 1946, 1.6 million Germans left the Soviet zone for the West; and another 675,000 people fled East Germany to West Germany between 1949 and 1952.

The instillation it's selfEdit

It was a border wall up to 4 metres (13 ft) in hight made of expanded steel, concrete and razor wire that lasted from 1961 to it's near complete destruction in 1990.

1945–52: the "Green Border"Edit

This was just a usual barbed wire and checkpoint border, but with paranoid Soviet troops manning it.

1952–67: the "Special Regime"Edit

Berlin Wall build (1961)02:14

Berlin Wall build (1961)

Berlin Wall build (1961).

It was formally closed and a major barbed wire fence went up, followed by the mine fields, extra watch towers and extra fences.

The GDR implemented a "special regime on the demarcation line", justified as a measure to keep out "spies, diversionists, terrorists and smugglers", but it was also to stop the GDR's population haemorrhaging out!

1967–89: the "Modern Frontier"Edit

In this era it was mostly a concrete wall backed up with expanded steel fences in more remote places; along with loads of troopers, communist party political commissars, secret policemen, spies, snipers, barracks, pill boxes, bunkers, mine fields and watchtowers along side the whole length of it.

2000-?: Grenze 2000 (English: Border 2000)Edit

A both less costly and noticably less intrusive, modern and efficant  hi-tech hell that was first planned out in 1988.

Staff on duty thereEdit

Border Protection - The Border Between East and West Europe - 1970's US Forces-128:38

Border Protection - The Border Between East and West Europe - 1970's US Forces-1

Border Protection - The Border Between East and West Europe - 1970's US Forces.

EastEdit

  1. East Germany -National People's Army.
    1. Up to ~50,000 were noted to be on duty at various times during the Cold War.
  2. East Germany- Stasi.
  3. East Germany- Volkspolizei.
  4. Soviet Union- Army Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.

West Edit

  1. Germany- Bundesgrenzschutz.
  2. Germany- Bundeszollverwaltung.
  3. Bavaria- Bayerische Grenzpolizei.
  4. United Kingdom- British Army.
  5. United Kingdom-- British Frontier Service.
  6. United States- US Army.

Crossing itEdit

"Walled In!" Germany's inner border10:40

"Walled In!" Germany's inner border.

"Walled In!" Germany's Cold War era 'inner border'.

Temporary access across it was allowed, but East Germany almost always spied on visiting Westerners and tried to liquidate those who sucsesfuly fled from the East to the West.

Some of the crossing points were at-

  • Herrnburg/Lübeck
  • Schwanheide/Büchen
  • Ruhen/Buchhorst
  • Selmsdorf/Schlutup
  • Zarrentin/Gudow

Also seeEdit

  1. Berlin Wall
  2. Checkpoint Charlie
  3. Eastern Bloc
  4. Germany's Fulda Gap
  5. North German Plain
  6. Berlin airlift
  7. Glasnost
  8. "Poland is 'toast'!"
  9. Life under communism
  10. Exercise Reforger
  11. Seven days to the River Rhine (1979)
  12. Iron Curtain

linksEdit

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inner_German_border
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crossing_the_inner_German_border
  3. http://www.thelocal.de/20101001/30197
  4. http://www.ironcurtaintrail.eu/en/die_etappen/deutscher_teil/index.html
  5. http://www.dw.de/walled-in-the-inner-german-border/a-4440098

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