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De l'aérotrain au TGV la bataille du rail Archive INA-0

De l'aérotrain au TGV la bataille du rail Archive INA-0

Abonnez-vous http://bit.ly/inasociete Redécouvrez l'histoire de l'Aérotrain de Jean Bertin, un projet de train à grande vitesse, abandonné au profit du TGV dans les années 70. Images d'archive INA Institut National de l'Audiovisuel http://www.ina.fr.

Aérotrain I80 HV - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Chronophonie"

Aérotrain I80 HV - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Chronophonie"

The Aérotrain was a Hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977. The lead engineer was Jean Bertin. • October 1973: Reconstruction of the Aérotrain I80 for 350 km/h as the I80 HV (Haute Vitesse = high speed). • March 1974: The Aérotrain I80 HV breaks the land speed record for rail vehicles for air cushioned vehicle at 430.4 km/h. • 22 March 1992: A fire destroys the Aérotrain I80 HV and the hangar at Chevilly. After clean-up operations, only the platform is left. • February 2007: A 120-meter-long section of track is destroyed north of the Chevilly platform during the A19 highway construction. (Wikipedia) French documentary available on DVD (http://www.candela-productions.fr) ----- Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Chronophonie" from "MOOG SENSATIONS" (1971).

NYC Jet Car M-497

NYC Jet Car M-497

Official New York Central tape of jet car. This train broke the world speed record for a train at the time and still holds the record in the United States to this day. It achieved the record by putting an airplane jet engine on the roof of the traincar. The record was made on a straight stretch of track in northwest Ohio.

M8876 640 480

A model of the Schienenzeppelin in Z scale from Märklin company.

Rohr Aerotrain

Rohr Aerotrain

The Rohr Aerotrain.

Aerotrain 01

Aerotrain 01

The Aerotrain 01.

Aerotrain

The Aérotrain prototype #02. Author: Croquant.

Saran Aérotrain 1

A Saran Aérotrain rail. Fotograf: Stefan Kühn.

The ideaEdit

These were high-tech experimental high-speed rail-car fitted with an either a jet engine, turbojet engine or an aircraft engine and propeller traction.

turbojet train is a train powered by turbojet engines. Like a jet aircraft, but unlike a gas turbine locomotive, the train is propelled by the jet thrust of the engines, rather than by its wheels. Only a handful of jet-powered trains have been built, for experimental research in high-speed rail.

Turbojet engines have been built with the engine incorporated into a railcar combining both propulsion and passenger accommodation rather than as separate locomotives hauling passenger coaches.

Turbojet engines are most efficient at high speeds and so they have been applied to high-speed passenger services, rather than freight.

hovertrain is a type of high-speed train that replaces conventional steel wheels with hovercraft lift pads, and the conventional railway bed with a paved road-like surface, known as the track or guideway. The concept aims to eliminate rolling resistance and allow very high performance, while also simplifying the infrastructure needed to lay new lines.

Hovertrains were seen as a relatively low-risk and low-cost way to develop high-speed inter-city train service, in an era when conventional rail seemed stuck to speeds around 140 mph (230 km/h) or less. By the late 1960s, major development efforts were underway in France, the UK and the USA. While they were being developed, British Rail was running an extensive study of the problems being seen at high speeds on conventional rails. This led to a series of new high-speed train designs in the 1970s, starting with their own APT. Although the hovertrains still had reduced infrastructure costs compared to the APT and similar designs like the TGV, in practice this was offset by their need for entirely new lines. Conventional wheeled trains could run at low speed on existing lines, greatly reducing capital expenditures in dense areas. Interest in hovertrains waned, and major development had ended by the mid-1970s.

Hovertrains were also developed for smaller systems, including personal rapid transit systems that were a hot topic in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In this role their ability to float over small imperfections and debris on the "rails" was a practical advantage, although it competed with the maglev concept that had the same advantages. The only hovertain to see commercial service was the Otis Hovair system. Originally developed at General Motors as an automated guideway transit system, GM was forced to divest the design as part of an anti-trust ruling. The design eventually ended up at Otis Elevator who later replaced its linear motor with a cable pull and sold the resulting design for people mover installations all over the world.

Hovertrain is a generic term, and the vehicles are more commonly referred to by the projects that developed them in different countries – in the UK they are known as tracked hovercraft, in the US they are tracked air-cushion vehicles, and in France they are the aerotrains. News sources often conflate maglev trains with hovertrains, as both are levitated above the running surface, "hovering" over them.

The big flaw on fuel and economicsEdit

The jet engines, turbojet engines or an aircraft engines used a horrifyingly high amount of fuel and cost a horrendously high amount of money to maintain and feed.

StatsEdit

Tsarist\Red Russian Aerowagon\AeromotowagonEdit

Aerowagon.
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. Russian Empier\Bolshvik Russia.
Manufacturer. Valerian Ivanovich Abakovsky.
Made in. 1917.
Retired in. Scrapped in 1921.
Weight. N\A.
Top speed N\A.
Length. N\A.
Power source. An aircraft engine.
Crew. N\A, but only few.
Passengers. N\A, but only few.
Railway\tram track gauge. N\A, but probably the Russian norm for that time and usage.
Tractive effort. N\A.
Sources. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerowagon, https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Константинов,_Иван_(революционер), https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerowagon and https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/sie/8791/КРАСНАЯ.

OverviewEdit

The Aerowagon or Aeromotowagon (Russian: Аэроваго́н, аэродрези́на) was an experimental high-speed railcar fitted with an aircraft engine and propeller traction invented by Valerian Abakovsky, a Soviet engineer from Latvia. It produced speeds of up to 140 kilometres per hour (87 miles per hour). The Aerowagon was originally intended to carry Soviet officials.

Fatal crash incidentEdit

On 24 July 1921, a group of delegates to the First Congress of the Profintern, led by Fyodor Sergeyev, took the Aerowagon from Moscow to the Tula collieries to test it. Abakovsky was also on board. Although they successfully arrived in Tula, on the return route to Moscow the Aerowagon derailed at high speed near Serpukhov, killing six of the 22 people on board. A seventh man later died of his injuries.

DeathsEdit

The following people died as a result of the accident:

  1. Ivan Constantinov, Bulgarian delegate
  2. John Freeman, Australian delegate
  3. Oskar Heilbrich, German delegate
  4. John William Hewlett, British delegate
  5. Fyodor Sergeyev (Artyom)
  6. Otto Strupat, German delegate
  7. Abakovsky himself, at the age of 25.

The seven men killed at the time of the crash were buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, after lying in state at the House of the Unions.

LegacyEdit

The Aerowagon was a precursor to the German Schienenzeppelin railcar, the American M-497 Black Beetle railcar and the Soviet turbojet train, all three of them being experimental vehicles featuring the combination of railcar and aircraft engine.

Sovet High-speed Laboratory Railcar SVL ER22 Edit

High-speed Laboratory Railcar SVL ER22
Statistic. Data.
Nationality.
Manufacturer.
Made in.
Retired in.
Weight.
Top speed
Length.
Power source.
Crew.
Passengers.
Railway\tram track gauge.
Tractive effort
Sources.

American M-497 Black BeetleEdit

M-497 Black Beetle
Statistic. Data.
Nationality.
Manufacturer.
Made in.
Retired in.
Weight.
Top speed
Length.
Power source.
Crew.
Passengers.
Railway\tram track gauge.
Tractive effort
Sources. https://gizmodo.com/this-1960s-jet-train-is-still-americas-fastest-locomo-1526862324,

Tracked Air Cushion Research Vehicle (TACRV)Edit

Tracked Air Cushion Research Vehicle (TACRV)
Statistic. Data.
Nationality.
Manufacturer.
Made in.
Retired in.
Weight.
Top speed
Length.
Power source.
Crew.
Passengers.
Railway\tram track gauge.
Tractive effort
Sources. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1622736/, https://www.slideserve.com/krista/introduction-to-arup,

Urban Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (UTACV)Edit

Urban Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (UTACV)
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. .
Manufacturer.
Made in.
Retired in.
Weight.
Top speed
Length.
Power source. .
Crew.
Passengers.
Railway\tram track gauge.
Tractive effort
Sources. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1622736/, https://www.slideserve.com/krista/introduction-to-arup,

American Rohr AerotrainEdit

Rohr Aerotrain
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. Anerican
Manufacturer. Rohr Industries
Made in. 1970
Retired in. 1974 or shortly there after.
Weight. 46,000 pounds (20.8 metric tons).
Top speed 150 mph (240 km/h)
Length. f 94 ft (28 m)
Power source. Jet engines.
Crew. N\A
Passengers. 60
Railway\tram track gauge. Monorail
Tractive effort N/A
Sources. http://www.pueblorailway.org/TheRohr.pdf, https://www.slideserve.com/krista/introduction-to-arup, http://www.shonner.com/ZYUnZ/aerotrain/index.htm, https://web.archive.org/web/20110524123937/http://www.pueblorailway.org/TheRohr.pdf and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9rotrain
Moving The Rohr Aerotrain TACV - 2009 Full Documentary

Moving The Rohr Aerotrain TACV - 2009 Full Documentary

Produced by the Pueblo Railway Museum and Pueblo Railway Society, shared for the public on Youtube with their authorization.

In 1970, Rohr Industries decided to develop a tracked air-cushion vehicle as part of a project by the Urban Mass Transit Administration (UMTA) to sponsor development of new mass-transit technology to meet future transit requirements.

The Rohr prototype, officially called the Urban Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (UTACV) and colloquially the Rohr Aerotrain, was propelled by linear motor and was designed to carry 60 passengers at 150 mph (240 km/h). It had a length of 94 ft (28 m) and an empty weight of 46,000 pounds (20.8 metric tons).

A test track was built in Pueblo, Colorado, where the prototype reached speeds of 145 mph (constrained by the length of track). Funding from UMTA ceased and the Rohr Industries Aerotrain was never commercialized. The Rohr prototype aérotrain remained on the premises of the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum until July 2009. The prototype is now located at the Pueblo Railway museum. The museum plans to open an aerotrain exhibition within the test vehicle in the next few months.

American Linear Induction Motor Research Vehicle (LIMRV)Edit

Linear Induction Motor Research Vehicle (LIMRV)
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. American
Manufacturer. Garrett AiResearch
Made in. 1972
Retired in. 1974
Weight. N/A
Top speed 255.7 mph (411.5 km/h)
Length. N/A, but short.
Power source. 1 3000hp gas turbine generator and 2 J52 jet engines.
Crew. N/A
Passengers. Non.
Railway\tram track gauge. N/A, probably America's standard trakgage measurements.
Tractive effort N/A
Sources. https://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0LEVzExFCRa5wIAkQZXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTByMjB0aG5zBGNvbG8DYmYxBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDBHNlYwNzYw--?p=erican+Linear+Induction+Motor+Research+Vehicle+%28LIMRV%29&fr=yset_chr_cnewtab, https://sites.google.com/site/rohraerotrain/home/mini_aerotrain.jpg?attredirects=0, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1622736/,

https://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=63784, https://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=14208, https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Linear+Induction+Motor+Research+Vehicle, https://www.acronymfinder.com/Linear-Induction-Motor-Research-Vehicle-(LIMRV).html,

Since the Bertin team had not yet used a LIM, the first part of the TACV program was dedicated to LIM development. Garrett AiResearch built the Linear Induction Motor Research Vehicle (LIMRV), a wheeled vehicle running on standard-gauge railroad track, fitted with a 3000 hp gas turbine generator to supply the LIM with electricity.

The test track for the LIMRV at the HSGTC near Pueblo wasn't yet complete when Garrett delivered the vehicle: the reaction rail in the middle of the tracks was still being installed. Once the track was ready, linear induction motor, vehicle power systems, and rail dynamics testing progressed and by October 1972, a speed of 187.9 mph (302.4 km/h) was achieved. Speed was limited due to the length of track (6.4 mi or 10.3 km) and vehicle acceleration rates. Two Pratt & Whitney J52 jet engines were added to the vehicle to propel the vehicle up to higher speeds, after acceleration the engines were then throttled back so that the thrust equaled their drag. On 14 August 1974, the LIMRV achieved a world record speed of 255.7 mph (411.5 km/h) for vehicles on conventional rail.

British Bennie RailplaneEdit

Bennie Railplane
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. British.
Manufacturer. The Teesside Bridge & Engineering Works at Milngavie and a small Milngavie engineering firm run by George Bennie.
Made in. 1921
Retired in. 1937
Weight. N/A
Top speed 120 mph (193 km/h).
Length. N/A
Power source. 2 240 b.h.p. electric motor driving a separate four-bladed airscrew propeller positioned at either end of the fuselage.
Crew. 2
Passengers. 48
Railway\tram track gauge. About standard gauge below and a monorail above.
Tractive effort N/A
Sources. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bennie_Railplane, https://www.edlc.co.uk/heritage/local_history/local_history___heritage/local_heroes/george_bennie___railplan/bennie_railplane_book.aspx, https://www.britishpathe.com/video/the-george-bennie-railplane, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2154361/The-REAL-flying-Scotsman-120mph-propeller-driven-Railplane-left-inventor-dreamed-revolutionising-commuting-1930s-Britain-penniless.html, https://oldmachinepress.com/2014/07/14/bennie-railplane/, http://www.theglasgowstory.com/image/?inum=TGSE00050, http://www.gearwheelsmag.co.uk/archive/the_bennie_railplane_feature_13.htm, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2154361/The-REAL-flying-Scotsman-120mph-propeller-driven-Railplane-left-inventor-dreamed-revolutionising-commuting-1930s-Britain-penniless.html, http://www.gearwheelsmag.co.uk/archive/the_bennie_railplane_feature_13.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasgow_and_Milngavie_Junction_Railway, https://www.britishpathe.com/video/the-george-bennie-railplane-system-of-transport, https://www.britishpathe.com/video/the-george-bennie-railplane, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bennie_Railplane and https://www.edlc.co.uk/heritage/local_history/local_history___heritage/local_heroes/george_bennie___railplan/bennie_railplane_book.aspx

The Bennie Railplane was a form of rail transport invented by George Bennie (1891–1957), which moved along an overhead rail by way of propellers. Bennie, born at Auldhouse, near Glasgow, Scotland began work on the development of his railplane in 1921. In 1929-1930 he built a prototype on a trial stretch of track over a 130-yard (119-metre) line at Milngavie, off the Glasgow and Milngavie Junction Railway, with one railplane car to demonstrate the system to potential clients. The car ran along an overhead monorail, stabilised by guide rails below. It moved by propellers powered by on-board motors. It was intended to run above conventional railways, separating faster passenger traffic from slower freight traffic. Bennie believed his railplane cars had the capability of travelling up to 120 mph (193 km/h) and would offer a "fast passenger and mails and perishable goods service". Slow and heavy goods freight and local passenger services would continue on the traditional rail service below. Each car could carry a maximum of 48 people, although the prototype had seating for fewer.

In spite of interest from around the world, however, Bennie could not obtain the financial backing he required to develop his revolutionary transport system. The proposed line from Edinburgh to Glasgow was not built, nor was the one between Southport and Blackpool. By 1937, Bennie was bankrupt. He had financed most of the work himself.

The prototype railplane lay rusting in a field at Milngavie until it was sold for scrap in 1956. Bennie died the following year. The original shed where the carriage was built in Main Street, Milngavie is now occupied by a timber merchant, and has a blue commemorative plaque on the outside wall.[

British ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the early 1970s. Some display models and drought plans were made, but later disposed of.

Japanese ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the early 1970s.

Australian ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the late 1960s.

Canadian ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the late 1960s.

French Aérotrain 01, 02, S44, I80\I80-250 and I80-HVEdit

Aérotrain 01, 02, S44, I80\I80-250 and I80-HV.
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. French.
Manufacturer. Société d’étude de l’Aérotrain (Company for the study of the Aérotrain).
Made in. 1965.
Retired in. 1977
Weight. N/A.
Top speed 145 mph (233 km/h) on 01, 145 mph (233 km/h) on 02, 145 mph (233 km/h) on the S44, 250 km/h on the I80\I80-250 and the I80-HV 430.4 km/h (267.4 mph).
Length. The the 01 was 12.8m long and the I80 was 25.6m long.
Power source. Aérotrain 01 was originally propelled by a three-bladed reversible-pitch propeller powered by a 260 horsepower (190 kW) aircraft engine, which was later replaced by a Turboméca Marboré jet engine. The air cushion is maintained by two 50 horsepower (37 kW) compressors. It had places for four passengers and two crew. Aérotrain 02 was another sub-scale prototype, seating two crew. It was powered by a Pratt & Whitney JT12 turbojet. Aérotrain S44 was a full-size passenger-carrying car intended for suburban commuter service at speeds of 200 km/h (in particular links between city centres and airports). It was equipped with a Linear Induction Motor (linear motor) propulsion system supplied by Merlin-Gérin. Aérotrain I80 was a full-size passenger-carrying car for intercity service. In its original configuration, it was propelled by twin Turboméca Turmo III E3 turboshaft (1,610 horsepower (1,200 kW) each) powering a ducted propeller, 2.3 m in diameter, with seven blades of variable pitch. A Turboméca Turmastazou 14 turboshaft engine powered the air compressors (six horizontal for the support and six vertical for guidance). Braking was typically provided by reverse thrust of the propeller, and in emergencies by a friction brake on the central rail. I80-250 was later rebuilt for 350 km/h and re-designated as the I-80 HV (Haute Vitesse = high speed). The main change was the new propulsion system, a JT8D turbofan from Pratt & Whitney mounted on top.
Crew. 2 on 01, 2 on 02, 2 on the S44, 2 on the I80\I80-250 and 2 on the I80-HV.
Passengers. 4 on 01, 4 on 02, 4 on the S44, 80 on the I80\I80-250 and 8 on the I80-HV.
Railway\tram track gauge. Monorail 
Tractive effort N/A
Sources. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aérotrain and https://wikimonde.com/article/Aérotrain_01

The Aérotrain was a hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977. The lead engineer was Jean Bertin.

The goal of the Aérotrain was similar to that of the magnetic levitation train: to suspend the train above the tracks so the only resistance is that of air resistance. Consequently, the Aérotrain could travel at very high speeds without the technical complexity and expensive tracks of magnetic levitation.

Rohr Industries, Inc., impressed by Bertin's Aérotrain, licensed some of the technology from him to build Aerotrains in the U.S.

The Rohr Aerotrain was mothballed in 1975, and the French project was abandoned in 1977 due to lack of funding, the death of Jean Bertin, and the adoption of TGV by the French government as its high-speed ground-transport solution.

  • The I-80 HV established the world speed record for overland air cushion vehicles on 5 March 1974 with a mean speed of 417.6 km/h (259.5 mph) and a peak speed of 430.4 km/h (267.4 mph).
  • The track for most Aérotrains are ferroconcrete monorail in an inverted 'T' shape. All tracks were built and used for experimental purposes.
  • The I80's external noise was 90-95 dBA at 65 yards (59 m).

Weimar\Nazi German SchienenzeppelinEdit

Schienenzeppelin
Statistic. Data.
Nationality. Weimar Germann
Manufacturer. Franz Kruckenberg.
Made in. 1929 or 1930
Retired in. 1939
Weight. Weight 20.3 t (20.0 long tons; 22.4 short tons)
Top speed 230 km/h (140 mph)
Length. 25.85 m (84 ft 9 3⁄4 in)
Power source. Water-cooled V12 petrol aircraft engine
Crew. 2
Passengers. 40
Railway\tram track gauge. 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge
Tractive effort N\A (Power output- 600 hp (450 kW))
Sources. https://www.wired.com/2011/03/schienenzeppelin/, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schienenzeppelin, https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schienenzeppelin, http://greyfalcon.us/FRANZ%20KRUCKENBERG%20SCHIENENZEPPELIN.htm and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schienenzeppelin

The Schienenzeppelin (German: [ˈʃiːnənˌtsɛpəliːn]) or rail zeppelin was an experimental railcar which resembled a Zeppelin airship in appearance. It was designed and developed by the German aircraft engineer Franz Kruckenberg in 1929. Propulsion was by means of a propeller located at the rear: it accelerated the railcar to 230.2 km/h (143 mph) setting the land speed record for a petrol powered rail vehicle. Only a single example was ever built, which due to safety concerns remained out of service and was finally dismantled in 1939.

W. German ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the early 1970s.

Italian ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the early 1970s. Spain was also involved and quit when Italy did.

Swiss ?Edit

Scrapped as preliminary plans in the early 1970s. Austria was also involved and quit when Switzerland did.

VideosEdit

1968 A bord de l'aérotrain à Orléans Archive INA

1968 A bord de l'aérotrain à Orléans Archive INA

Abonnez-vous http://bit.ly/InaSciences 21 décembre 1968 Reportage sur le terrain d' expérimentation de l'aérotrain à Gometz le Châtel, près de Paris, où des ingénieurs travaillent sur la mise au point d'un véhicule glissant sur un coussin d'air.Images des essais dans la cabine de pilotage et interviews de Léon KAPLAN sur la commercialisation de l'aérotrain pour les usagers ainsi que d'un de Jean BERTIN à propos des avantages techniques de son invention. Images d'archive INA Institut National de l'Audiovisuel http://www.ina.fr Abonnez-vous http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=Inasciences.

The "George Bennie" Railplane! (1930)

The "George Bennie" Railplane! (1930)

Full title reads: "Milngavie, Nr Glasgow. The 'George Bennie' railplane! Novel method of high speed transport.... claimed to be cheaper, faster and safer .... successfully tried out." Milngavie, Nr. Glasgow, Scotland. People climb steps to get to raised platform to board this new form of transport. They are welcomed as they get on board. This strange form of transport passes the camera. It appears to be a suspended monorail system with the carriage driven by a propellor at either end. Various shots of the George Bennie Railplane. It looks very futuristic. Mr Bennie explains the machine to those standing listening. FILM ID:715.09 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/.

New York Central Odyssey Vol-2 HD-Remastered

New York Central Odyssey Vol-2 HD-Remastered

New York Central Odyssey Vol-2 HD-Remastered. Purchase a complete DVD or Bluray set of this program at www.greenfrog.com A giant leap in quality, see all of the original 16mm Film quality, sharpness, brightness, and color on this BluRay! This two disc set is a continuation of NYC Volume-1 starting in the summer of 1963. The transition to the Cigar Band Herald is quite evident. New jumbo Hi-Cube cars appear (for the auto industry) as well as piggyback service with highway trailers on flat cars. You'll see action on the Toledo Division, the Electric Division, between New York's Grand Central Station and Harman, as well as other locations. Also covered are the RDC Jet Trials, where jet aircraft engines are mounted on an RDC car! Mixed in with all this action is the continuing regular freight and passenger fleets, mile long trains of new auto loadings, as well as new second generation motive power. We finally arrive at the Penn-Central merger. We'll see a few early views of merged power equipment, not yet revealing the demise of the mighty water level route. From the Camera of Emery Gulash Approx. Run Time: Disc1 - 84 Minutes--Disc2 - 85 Minutes Bonus: 18 minute movie of Cutting Room Scenes never shown! TWO-Disc SET Dolby Digital 2.0 Stereo -~-~~- Please watch: "Behind The Scenes at Green Frog" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLRQRwA8JWc -~-~~-

🚅 Soviet Jet Train - ER22 SVL 🚅

🚅 Soviet Jet Train - ER22 SVL 🚅

☭☭☭ SVL (High-speed Laboratory Railcar), was built in the USSR in 1970.The SVL was able to reach a speed of 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph). This locomotive was built on a basis of the main engine railcar of ER22 electric multiple unit. It had a mass of 54.4 tonnes (including 7.4 tonnes of fuel) and was 28 metres (92 ft) long. The power car was planned to be used as a part of "Russian troika" express. In 2014 the train still existed, but in a derelict state.

Propellertriebwagen Kruckenberg Schienenzeppelin (1930) Part 1

Propellertriebwagen Kruckenberg Schienenzeppelin (1930) Part 1.mpg

Part 1 - The first test runs. Propellertriebwagen Kruckenberg Schienenzeppelin (1930) Part 1.mpg.

Aérotrain 01 - 02 Experimental - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Coeur Synthétique"

Aérotrain 01 - 02 Experimental - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Coeur Synthétique"

Aérotrain 01 - 02 Experimental - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Coeur Synthétique" The Aérotrain was a Hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977. The lead engineer was Jean Bertin. Aérotrain 01 was a 1/2 scale (10.11 m, 2.6 t) prototype. It was originally propelled by a three-bladed reversible-pitch propeller powered by a 260 horsepower (190 kW) aircraft engine, which was later replaced by a Turboméca Marboré jet engine. The air cushion is maintained by two 50 horsepower (37 kW) compressors. 01 had place for four passengers and two crew. • 16 December 1965: completion of the construction of the first prototype, Aérotrain 01. • 21 February 1966: official inauguration in Seine-et-Oise (but now in Essonne) of the 6.7 km trial track for Aérotrain 01 between Gometz-le-Châtel and Limours (on the abandoned easement of the Paris-Chartres via Gallardon line). That day, in front of the press, Aérotrain 01 reaches 100 km/h. Days later it reaches 200 km/h. • 23 December 1966: with the addition of a rocket, giving a combined power of 1,700 horsepower (1,300 kW), the Aérotrain 01 reaches a speed of 303 km/h. • 1 November 1967: equipped with a jet engine, Aérotrain 01 reaches a speed of 345 km/h.[2] Aérotrain 02 was another sub-scale prototype, seating two crew. It was powered by a Pratt & Whitney JT12 turbojet. • 1967: construction of Aérotrain 02. May 1967: tests start with Aérotrain 02 on the Gometz-le-Châtel trial track, 300 km/h is attained. • 22 January 1969: with the addition of a rocket, Aérotrain 02 reaches the record speed of 422 km/h. ------- MUSIC by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Coeur Synthétique" from "MOOG SENSATIONS" (1971). ------ https://www.facebook.com/people/David-FromLille/1552750670.

Aérotrain I80 - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Berceuse pour un bébé robot"

Aérotrain I80 - Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Berceuse pour un bébé robot"

The Aérotrain was a Hovertrain developed in France from 1965 to 1977. The lead engineer was Jean Bertin (1:58). • 7 July 1969: the Aérotrain I80 prototype for 250 km/h is presented to the public. • September 1969: tests start with Aérotrain I80 on the Orléans test track. 250 km/h is attained on the 13th. • October 1973: Reconstruction of the Aérotrain I80 for 350 km/h as the I80 HV. • 22 March 1992: A fire destroys the Aérotrain I80 HV and the hangar at Chevilly. After clean-up operations, only the platform is left. (Wikipedia). French documentary available on DVD (http://www.candela-productions.fr) ------- Music by Jean-Jacques Perrey "Berceuse pour un bébé robot" from "MOOG SENSATIONS" (1971).

Best Extreme & Strange Locomotive

Best Extreme & Strange Locomotive. TOP 7 Weird Trains That Now Belong To The History Books

TOP 7 unusual old train and steam locomotives all time. Most strangest and extreme machines that are actually real. History extreme locomotives documentary. 7. M-497 ‘Black Beetle’ 6. Schienenzeppelin 5. Bennie Railplane 4. Jean Bertin’s Aerotrain 3. General Motors Aerotrain 2. Michelin Railcar 1. Armored Trains Music: Silent Partner - Don't Look Thanks for watching ;-) My partner - http://bcd-urbex.com - Best exploring abandoned places.

Also seeEdit

  1. HST
  2. APT
  3. TGV 001
  4. Railways
  5. Jet packs
  6. Civil aircraft
  7. Hover trains
  8. Maglev trains
  9. Gas turbine trains
  10. 0 Series Shinkansen
  11. GM 'St. Louis' Aerotrain

SourcesEdit

The George Bennie Railplane System Of Transport (1929)

The George Bennie Railplane System Of Transport (1929)

Documentary made by Pathe, presumably paid for by George Bennie himself about his marvellous new invention. See paper records for letters to and from George Bennie: "Inventor with a kink" . Location: Scotland Milngavie - shots of the elevated track which is almost completed. "Mr. George Bennie of course, continually inspected the work." He and a colleague walk underneath pointing up with their umbrellas. MS. of George and two colleagues looking up at the track. Beardmore's - the car is almost complete. Mr Bennie and friend inspect the vehicle. It looks quite space age. Intertitle gives information on the length and weight of the car. MS. of the door being slid open (not very smoothly!). "Nothing has been spared to make the interior comfortable. Waring and Gillow, of London and Liverpool, saw to that" reads an intertitle - the interior does look very plush indeed. Comfy armchairs line the carriage, one on each side facing each other. There is a patterned carpet down the centre of the carriage and small lamps on each table between the chairs. Milngavie - the Railplane Test Line is ready for the first run. Long shot of the track. Cars pass by the camera in the foreground. Various shots from different angles of the track and of the nose of the Railplane - it is curved like the nose of a plane and has a large propellor attached. CU. of the side of the Railplane showing the beautiful stained glass window of the door. CU. of the mechanism which attaches the Railplane to the track. The camera pans across the plane to show the beautiful countryside which travellers will see from the Railplane. Interior of the "motor control room" - a man works the control wheels. Mrs Bennie - George's mother hoists the Railplane flag at the opening ceremony on July 8th 1930 (which is slightly odd bearing in mind claims about the opening of the line in 1929 mad in the first part if the film). LS. of the flag being raised whilst various dignitaries look on. We see the first passengers to be carried by Railplane. MS. of man in top hat and tails and smartly dressed woman shaking George Bennie's hand and stepping into the Railplane. Various others in bowler hats and suits follow - all shaking George's hand. George closes the door and waves them off with his bowler hat. As the train passes we can see passengers waving from the windows. Low angle shot of the Railplane passing over the camera seen from under the tracks. Various shots of the Railplane on the move, propellor whirling. Mr James Calder, General Manager for Scotland and Scottish Officials of the LNER inspect the Railplane - various shots of the men looking at the Railplane and climbing aboard. MS. of the men sitting in the carriage - it looks a bit cramped! MS. of elderly operator closing the door of the vehicle. View from the Railplane of the countryside. We see the craft approaching the "platform". Good shot of the Railplane travelling along with a steam locomotive train travelling along underneath on the railway track. The braking system is explained. Passengers stand and chat after their voyage. The LNER staff stand underneath the tracks by the train. Shot of some of the dignitaries standing by the train. Panning shot of the esteemed guests. Bennie's mother and sister were two of the first passengers. CU. of the two women and a friend. CU. of an advert for the Railplane System of Transport. CU. photograph of the inventor. "Mr Bennie presents his compliments, and trust that those who are interested will do him the honour of visiting Milngavie (near Glasgow) for a run in the Railplane." Note: fabulous film with fascinating insight into the mind of the inventor provided by correspondence file. FILM ID:3181.07 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT’S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES, VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/.

L' Areotrain d'Outis Niekesa-0

L' Areotrain d'Outis Niekesa-0

Dans les plaines de la Beauce s'étire un viaduc de béton, long de vingt kilomètres ; c'est la voie expérimentale de l'aérotrain, projet pharaonique des Trentes Glorieuses. Un train sur coussin d'air qui filait à 450 km/h. Un rêve. Un échec monumental. Juchée sur des pylônes de dix mètres de haut, la voie saute de zones en zones - nos ZI, nos ZAC, zones de loisirs, centres commerciaux... - jusqu'à son arrêt brutal au milieu des champs de blé. Elle est la trace d'un rêve échoué, en même temps qu'une coupe dans les différentes tranches périurbaines françaises. Au long de ce fil de béton, paysages et personnes déclinent leur vision de l'échec (ou pas) de ce projet fou et de leurs aérotrains propres, leurs rêves perdus... Un film écrit et réalisé par Outis Niekesa (aka Geoffrey Lachassagne) Ceux qu’on voit Jacky Leroux / Le patron de bowling Gaston Decroc / Le bal-carton Sofiane / Le motard Hélène et Jacky Matthieu / Un drôle d’héritage Pierre et Christian Sevin / La fin de l’Aérotrain Robert Cattell / Monsieur le Maire Mesdames Arilla, Arnaud, Paillan et Revault / Les dames de l’abri-bus Philippe Hautbois et José Albericci / L’érection du panneau Thierry Farges / Le collectionneur Suzanne et Maurice Clairambaud / Une fierté Roger Boissonnet / Le modéliste Gérard Blin / Etre conducteur de train Loriane Castro et Sébastien Birades / Les jeunes avec Vincent Boisseau, Amélie Hardouin, Romain Langer, Thibaud Martin, Simone Osses, Adrien Paillet, Delphine Prieur, Marc-Antoine Vannier et Yoann Yapoudjian Ceux qu’on entend Daniel Tissandier Joëlle Boissonnet Robert Charron Michel Guérin Noël Claveau Paulette Sevin La famille Pennel et Marie-France Blin Ceux qu'on ne voit pas Gertrude Baillot / image Guillaume Burnod / son Simon Decreuze / son, musique Florent Jullien / son Emilie Lachassagne / assistante-image Outis Niekesa / réalisation, image, montage Cécile Perraut / montage Produit par Leitmotiv Production Jérôme Amimer Guillaume Coudray Dorothée Salmon, assistante de production Ce film a bénéficié d’une aide à l’écriture et au développement du Centre National de la Cinématographie Avec la participation du Centre National de la Cinématographie – Contribution financière Avec l’aide à l'écriture et au développement de la Région Centre et la collaboration de l’Atelier de Production Centre Val de Loire Avec le soutien de Centre Images-Région Centre Avec le soutien de la Région Limousin en partenariat avec le Centre National de la Cinématographie Avec la participation du Conseil Général du Val d’Oise – Direction de l’Action Culturelle © Leitmotiv Production 2007.

Crazy JET ENGINE POWERED Train M 497 unveiled in 1966 in New York United States

Crazy JET ENGINE POWERED Train M 497 unveiled in 1966 in New York United States

The M-497 (nicknamed Black Beetle) was an experimental jet-powered locomotive test bed of the New York Central Railroad corporation, developed and tested in 1966 in the United States of America. Two second-hand General Electric J47-19 jet engines (designed as boosters for the Convair B-36 intercontinental bomber) were mounted atop an existing Budd Rail Diesel Car (an RDC-3, part coach, part baggage and mail configuration) body which had received a streamlined front cowling. The construct was then successfully sent on test runs over the existing tracks between Butler, Indiana and Stryker, Ohio (the line was chosen for its arrow-straight layout and good condition, but otherwise unmodified track). The car reached a speed of 183.68 mph (295.54 km/h), still the light-rail speed record for the United States. Even with this spectacular performance (and even though it had been built relatively cheaply, using existing parts), the project was not considered viable commercially. The railroad gathered valuable test data regarding the stresses of high-speed rail travel on conventional equipment and tracks then existing in America. The data was largely ignored, as the NYC was headed for merger with its arch rival Pennsylvania Railroad. The PRR was already heavily involved in the USDOT-funded Metroliner project. After jet engine removal, the rail car returned to normal service and was scrapped in 1984.A locomotive or engine is a railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.The operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electrical power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power, usually by diesel engines. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport.[Nb 1] Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is often less flexible and more capital-intensive than highway transport is, when lower traffic levels are considered. New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. New York is the 27th-most extensive, the third-most populous, and the seventh-most densely populated of the 50 United States. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Ontario to the west and north, and Quebec to the north. The state of New York is often referred to as New York State, so as to distinguish it from New York City. Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. It is also commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles merely run on a prepared surface, rail vehicles are also directionally guided by the tracks on which they run.

The Bennie Railplane was a form of rail transport invented by George Bennie (1891–1957), which moved along an overhead rail by way of propellers. Bennie, born at Auldhouse, near Glasgow, Scotland began work on the development of his railplane in 1921. In 1929-1930 he built a prototype on a trial stretch of track over a 130-yard (119-metre) line at Milngavie, off the Glasgow and Milngavie Junction Railway, with one railplane car to demonstrate the system to potential clients. The car ran along an overhead monorail, stabilised by guide rails below. It moved by propellers powered by on-board motors. It was intended to run above conventional railways, separating faster passenger traffic from slower freight traffic. Bennie believed his railplane cars had the capability of travelling up to 120 mph (193 km/h) and would offer a "fast passenger and mails and perishable goods service". Slow and heavy goods freight and local passenger services would continue on the traditional rail service below. Each car could carry a maximum of 48 people, although the prototype had seating for fewer.

In spite of interest from around the world, however, Bennie could not obtain the financial backing he required to develop his revolutionary transport system. The proposed line from Edinburgh to Glasgow was not built, nor was the one between Southport and Blackpool. By 1937, Bennie was bankrupt. He had financed most of the work himself.

The prototype railplane lay rusting in a field at Milngavie until it was sold for scrap in 1956. Bennie died the following year. The original shed where the carriage was built in Main Street, Milngavie is now occupied by a timber merchant, and has a blue commemorative plaque on the outside wall.

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