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Regiones petroleras - Medio Oriente

Oil and gas fields in the Levant, Egypt and the Persian Gulf.

Middle East geographic

A NASA globe software World Wind satellite image of the Middle East.

Geo-political locationEdit

The Middle East (also called the Mid-East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia  and Egypt. The corresponding adjective is Middle-Eastern and the derived noun is Middle-Easterner. Formerly, the eurocentric synonym was the Near East (as opposed to the Far East) was once commonly used.

Near East (French: Proche-Orient) is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia. Despite having varying definitions within different academic circles, the term was originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire. The term has fallen into disuse in English and has been replaced by the term Middle East.

According to the National Geographic Society, the terms Near East and Middle East denote the same territories and are "generally accepted as comprising the countries of the Arabian Peninsula, Cyprus, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian territories, Syria, and Turkey". The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations defines the region similarly, but also includes Afghanistan while excluding the countries of North Africa and the Palestinian territories.

Near East now applies only to Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Armeina, Georgia, Bulgaria, Macidonia and Albania intermitanly.

Traditional definition of the Middle East in terms of historical regionsEdit

  1. Iran (Persia)
  2. Asia Minor
  3. Mesopotamia
  4. The Levant
  5. The Arabian Peninsula
  6. Egypt
  7. The parts of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empier and Omani Emirate in the above region
  8. The Russian, French and British holdings and protectorates in the above region prior to 1918.

Traditional definition of the Middle East in terms of modern-day countriesEdit

  1. Bahrain
  2. Cyprus
  3. Egypt
  4. Iran
  5. Iraq
  6. Israel (+ the West Bank and Gaza)
  7. Jordan
  8. Kuwait
  9. Lebanon
  10. Oman
  11. Palestine
  12. Qatar
  13. Saudi Arabia
  14. Syria
  15. Turkey
  16. United Arab Emirates
  17. Yemen

Countries and territories of the Middle East according to the G8Edit

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Algeria
  3. Bahrain
  4. Cyprus
  5. Djibouti
  6. Egypt
  7. Iran
  8. Iraq
  9. Israel (+ the West Bank and Gaza)
  10. Jordan
  11. Kuwait
  12. Lebanon
  13. Libya
  14. Mauritania
  15. Morocco
  16. Oman
  17. Pakistan
  18. Palestine
  19. Qatar
  20. Saudi Arabia
  21. Somalia
  22. Sudan
  23. Syria
  24. Tunisia
  25. Turkey
  26. Western Sahara Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  27. United Arab Emirates
  28. Yemen

CIS countries sometimes associated with the Greater Middle EastEdit

  1. Armenia
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Georgia
  4. Kazakhstan
  5. Kyrgyzstan
  6. Tajikistan
  7. Turkmenistan
  8. Uzbekistan

The www.worldatlas.com variantEdit

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Bahrain
  3. Iran
  4. Iraq
  5. Israel
  6. Jordan
  7. Kuwait
  8. Kyrgyzstan
  9. Lebanon
  10. Oman
  11. Pakistan
  12. Palestinian Territories (that is- the West Bank and Gaza)
  13. Qatar
  14. Saudi Arabia
  15. Syria
  16. Tajikistan
  17. Turkey
  18. Turkmenistan
  19. United Arab Emirates
  20. Uzbekistan
  21. Yemen

The www.geography-map-games.com variantEdit

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Arminia
  3. Azerbijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Cyprus
  6. Georgia
  7. Iran
  8. Iraq
  9. Israel
  10. Jordan
  11. Kuwait
  12. Kyrgyzstan
  13. Lebanon
  14. Oman
  15. Pakistan
  16. Palestinian Territories (that is- the West Bank and Gaza)
  17. Qatar
  18. Saudi Arabia
  19. Syria
  20. Tajikistan
  21. Turkey
  22. Turkmenistan
  23. United Arab Emirates
  24. Uzbekistan
  25. Yemen

The GCCEdit

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (Arabic: مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية‎), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq. It started over oil and gas trading with the West, spread to inter Middle East trade and defying Israel, and has now moved on to other issues like fighting terrorism.

Its member states are-

  1. Bahrain
  2. Kuwait
  3. Oman
  4. Qatar
  5. Saudi Arabia
  6. The United Arab Emirates
  7. Yemen (planned to join it in the mid 2000s)

Also seeEdit

  1. Pollution in the Middle East
  2. Arab–Israeli conflict
  3. Israeli–Palestinian conflict
  4. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  5. North Yemen Civil War
  6. Cold War
  7. United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
  8. 1978 South Lebanon conflict
  9. Blue Line
  10. Israel-Lebanon conflict
  11. Qibya massacre
  12. Six-Day War
  13. Suez Crisis
  14. Aden Emergency
  15. Yom Kippur War
  16. Time line of Iraq
  17. 1948 Palestine war
  18. Iranian Revolution
  19. 1970s energy crises
  20. Threat construction
  21. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  22. What women should wear in the Middle East
  23. Mineral mining, smelting and shipping videos
  24. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  25. Iranian videos page
  26. Iran-Iraq war
  27. USS Liberty incident
  28. Mirna-class patrol boat
  29. Ibrahim el Awal
  30. T3 Tanker
  31. T2 tanker
  32. Victory ship
  33. Camano-class cargo ship
  34. Palestine vs Israel
  35. 1970s energy crises
  36. 1953 Iranian coup d'état
  37. What women should wear in the Middle East
  38. Bourj el-Barajneh and it's refugee camp
  39. Six-Day War
  40. Suez Crisis
  41. Dhofar Rebellion
  42. Omani Civil War
  43. Republic of Mahabad
  44. Azerbaijan People's Government
  45. Iran crisis of 1946
  46. Tri-Partite Treaty
  47. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  48. The Al-Wadiah War (1969)
  49. October 28, 1972 Cairo Agreement
  50. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2
  51. United Nations Security Council Resolution 3
  52. United Nations Security Council Resolution 267
  53. United Nations Security Council Resolution 280
  54. United Nations Security Council Resolution 270
  55. United Nations Security Council Resolution 250
  56. United Nations Security Council Resolution 251
  57. United Nations Security Council Resolution 54
  58. United Nations Security Council Resolution 101
  59. United Nations Security Council Resolution 444
  60. United Nations Security Council Resolution 474
  61. United Nations Security Council Resolution 465
  62. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334
  63. United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
  64. United Nations Security Council Resolution 179
  65. Israel invasion of Lebanon in 1982
  66. Qibya massacre
  67. Aden Emergency
  68. Yom Kippur War
  69. Time line of Iraq
  70. 1948 Palestine war
  71. Iranian Revolution
  72. 1970s energy crises
  73. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  74. What women should wear in the Middle East
  75. Mineral mining, smelting and shipping videos
  76. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  77. Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf

SourcesEdit

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_East
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Middle_East
  3. http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/me.htm
  4. http://www.geography-map-games.com/geography-games-Geography-Countries-of-Middle-East-_pageid50.html
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Cooperation_Council
  6. http://www.aljazeera.com/topics/regions/middleeast.html
  7. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/
  8. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world/middle_east
  9. http://edition.cnn.com/middle-east
  10. http://www.geography-map-games.com/geography-games-Geography-Countries-of-Middle-East-_pageid50.html
  11. http://stylemanual.natgeo.com/
  12. http://www.fao.org/docrep/w4345e/w4345e0e.htm