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Flag of Europe

The flag of the EEC\EU.

US Army M60 tank in German village

An American M60 Patton moves through a village in West Germany as part of the 1982 Reforger exercise.

Belgian F-16B and South Dakota ANG A-7D 1988

A Belgian F-16B and a USAF LTV A-7 Corsair II take part in a mission during exercise "Cold Fire", one of the series of Reforger '88.

OverviewEdit

Operation Gladio was named after the Roman Gadius Sword. It part of a series of nation wide European operations first coordinated by the Clandestine Committee of the Western Union (CCWU), founded in 1948. After the creation of NATO in 1949, the CCWU was integrated into the Clandestine Planning Committee (CPC), founded in 1951 and overseen by Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE). It was to set up 'stay behind' resistance armys in the region after the Soviets had conquered it if the Cold War had ever gon 'hot' and become a actual 'shooting' war.

Operational unitsEdit

BelgiumEdit

A illegal and covert right-wing death-squad connected with the far-right Belgian group Westland New Post.

DenmarkEdit

A resistance army made up of the former stay behind part of the WW2 Danish resistance, the former members of the 56,000 strong WW2 Danish Military Brigade in Exile (it had been banished to Sweden along with a similar 50,000 man Norwegian resistance army), released prisoners of Vestre Fængsel, FrøslevlejrenNeuengamme who wanted early parole after the war and also the Danish Brigade in Shleizwig-Holstein and a minor Danish based unit of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR)

FranceEdit

Flag of France

The French Flag.

People who hated General DeGall, Algerian independence, fascists, the predecessor to Order of the Solar Temple and the members of the Organisation armée secrète (OAS).

GermanyEdit

Flag of Germany

Our official and the parallel world's alternate West German flag.

A unit formed by former Nazi SS members- Staff Sgt. Heinrich Hoffman and Lt. Col. Hans Rues for and one by the unreconstructed Nazi Lt. Col. Walter Kopp. 

GreeceEdit

Illegal armed militias supping the military coup d'état on April 21, and thus Regime of the Colonels of 1967 to 1974.

ItalyEdit

It supported fascist groups like Ordine Nuovo and National Vanguard against communist armed groups like the Red Brigades in the bloody de-facto civil war that was Italy's Years of Lead and the various strikes of the 1960s and 1970s.

Prime minister Aldo Romeo Luigi Moro was an Italian statesman and politician, and a prominent member of the Christian Democracy party. He served as 38th Prime Minister of Italy, from 1963 to 1968, and then from 1974 to 1976. He was kidnaped and killed by the Red Brigades (in Italy) to Italy's disgust. It is reported by some journalists back then and modern historians the CIA had either put agents in the organisation, corrupted it's ideals and\or told them he had betrayed the communist cause in order to get him killed. The USA was known to hate him for being too left wing. Knowing America's warped mentality, it could easily come out of the sick heads and they would roll on the floor laughing at it!

Members and a leader of Movimento Politico Ordine Nuovo participated in several terrorist attacks. These include the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing, the 1970 Rome-Messina train attack, a grenade attack at a 1974 anti-fascist rally, and the 1974 Italicus Express bombing.

Avanguardia Nazionale (Italia) organized the assassination of Italian magistrate Vittorio Occorsio, employing arms supplied by the CIA via its contacts in Francoist Spain. For the killing Pierluigi Concutelli is currently serving a life sentence in Italy. Avanguardia Nazionale member Mario Ricci participated to the 1978 assassination of Argala, the etarra who had taken part, five years before, in the assassination of Francisco Franco's prime minister, Luis Carrero Blanco.

NetherlandsEdit

A large cover arms cache near the Dutch village of Velp and in a park near Scheveningen. Theywere for use by agents run by a Dutch goverment in exile.

NorwayEdit

Flag of Norway

The lag of Norway.

A bunch of disorganised crooks a a bunch of rural shaks by what I can gather.

PortugalEdit

A coubter occupation terrorist organisation trained stuff in including bombings, silent assassinations, subversion techniques, clandestine communication and infiltration and colonial warfare.

TurkeyEdit

The political enemies of the then Turkish prime minister Bülent Ecevit. He was the target of several assassination plots. Rumours persist it still holds out there.

United KingdomEdit

Flag of the United Kingdom

The British flag.

Re-create the Auxiliary Units were attached to GHQ Home Forces, and concealed within the Home Guard. At first this was covert with a few hundred people, but if war was near would be overtly increased by formal conscription and/or new volunteer forces.

AustriaEdit

It had been coertly set up by far-right winger Herr Soucek and Herr Rössner as a genuine attempt to fight any occupying forces.

CyprusEdit

Illigal Greek and Turkish death squads who wanted to annex it to there home nations by force.

FinlandEdit

Flag of Finland

The Finnish flag.

By what I can gather it would have see heavy bombing of Soviet units around Oulu and/or Turku prior to it's invasion by the Sweden by both sea and air with the aim of setting up a safe zone for a pro-Western or strictly neutral Finnish rump state. Swedish backed resistance fighters, who were first organised in 1944, would operate in the south, south west and west of the country. The USA planned for CIA thugs to topple the Finnish government and use right wing resistance fighters to take on the Soviets.

SpainEdit

Among the Gladio operative Stefano Delle Chiaie and several members of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A), thus demonstrating connections between Gladio and the South American "Dirty War". They killed Spanish at Carlists Montejurra Incident in the 1950. It was General Franco's de facto covert deaths quad. There may well have been covert American support for Guerrilleros de Cristo Rey as well. The Guerrilleros de Cristo Rey (Warriors of Christ the King) was possibly also connected with the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (AKA- The Triple A).

SwedenEdit

Flag of Sweden

The Swedish flag.

Covert right wing thugs run by the CIA.

SwitzerlandEdit

A extra-judicial covert fascist secret police force and paramilitaries were set up. By 1990, Swiss army intelligence which had built up files on nearly 8,000 "suspect persons" including "leftists", "bill stickers", "Jehovah's witnesses", people with "abnormal tendencies" and anti-nuclear demonstrators; all of whom had failed to meet the then Swiss national ideal- a bunch of isolationist, money worshipping, environmentaly inclined racists.

Soviet insurgents in the Mediterranean, UK and West GermanyEdit

The GDR. AKA- East Germany or the DDR

East Germany (the GDR or DDR).

  1. October 22 Group.
  2. Red Army Faction. The RAF members did receive intermittent support and sanctuary in East Germany (GDR) during the 1980s.
  3. Prima Linea.
  4. Red Brigades (in Italy). The Red Brigades primary foreign support came from the Czechoslovak StB and the Palestine Liberation Organization
  5. Revolutionary Organization 17 November. They were named after the day of the 1973 Athens Polytechnic uprising against the Greek military junta.
  6. The British National Union of Mine Workers. Occasionaly backed by the GDR, USSR, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania.
  7. the British CND. It was hijacked at one point by the GDR.
  8. and others....

Most of these groups, including those listed above, claimed to be communist, revolutionary, anti-corporate and pro-3rd World, but they were a fraud since they were relay hate filled, mobsters, terrorist and anti-Semitic in nature. All these E. German/Soviet/Polish/Czechoslovak pawns did was bring terror to the streets of several nations as bombed public places, stuck up banks, killed prominent people, commuted kidnappings, promoted Greece at Turkey's expense in Cyprus and hunt down Jews in the name of Arab\German fascism. Karl Marx would have throw up if he knew they were calling them selves 'communist'.

Whistle-blowersEdit

They included-

  1. Swiss historian Daniele Ganser.
  2. Judge Liberato Mancuso.
  3. Former Belgian secret agent André Moyen.
  4. General Gerardo Serravalle, who commanded the Italian Gladio.
  5. The Washington Post,
  6. The Boston Globe,
  7. Former Turkish prime minister Bülent Ecevit,
  8. Swiss Major Hans von Dach.
  9. Former Dutch prime Minister Ruud Lubbers
  10. and others....

Also seeEdit

LinksEdit

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldo_Moro
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidnapping_of_Aldo_Moro
  3. http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-this-Day--Aldo-Moro-Kidnapped-by-the-Italian-Red-Brigades.html
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldo_Moro
  5. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1581425/US-envoy-admits-role-in-Aldo-Moro-killing.html
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldo_Moro
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidnapping_of_Aldo_Moro
  8. http://www.php.isn.ethz.ch/collections/colltopic.cfm?v52=84994&coguid=FC32A76C-ACD5-A8B7-90AD-68DB91618803&lng=en&v45=82317&id=15301
  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_22_Group
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Army_Faction
  11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prima_Linea
  12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6314559.stm
  13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prima_Linea
  14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Gladio
  15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Years_of_Lead_(Italy)
  16. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades
  17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordine_Nuovo
  18. http://baor-locations.org/denmark.aspx.html
  19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Vanguard_%28Italy%29
  20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Organization_17_November
  21. https://libcom.org/library/italy-1960s-70s-reading-guide
  22. http://www.nctc.gov/site/groups/greek.html
  23. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutionary_Organization_17_November
  24. http://www.hri.org/news/greek/apeen/1998/98-04-08_1.apeen.html
  25. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Army_Faction
  26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6314559.stm
  27. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/494068/Red-Army-Faction-RAF
  28. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Vanguard_%28Italy%29
  29. http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?66507-The-D-day-that-never-happened-quot-Op-save-Denmark-quot-1945-%28Swedish-invasion-of-Denmark%29
  30. http://www.konditori100.se/SiWW2/sww2dris.htm
  31. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denmark_in_World_War_II
  32. http://home.online.no/~gestrom/history/sbrigfrm.htm
  33. http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=9118&start=15
  34. http://www.euro-t-guide.com/See_Coun/Denmark/Jut-S/DK_See_Home_Guard_Museum_1-1.htm
  35. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milorg
  36. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_resistance
  37. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maquis_(World_War_II)
  38. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_resistance_movement
  39. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgian_Resistance
  40. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auxiliary_Units
  41. http://www.elmundo.es/cronica/2003/427/1072098707.html

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