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Flag of Poland (1928-1980)

The 1928-1980 Polish flag.

OverviewEdit

The Polish People's Republic (PPR) (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa (PRL)) covers the history of Poland under communist control between 1952 and 1989. The name was defined by the Constitution of 1952 which was based on the 1936 Soviet Constitution. Between 1947 and 1952, the name of the Polish state was the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), in accordance with the temporary Constitution of 1947. At the time of its founding during final stages of World War II, Poland was regarded as a puppet entity set up and controlled by the Soviet Union, and over time, it developed into a satellite state of the Soviet Union.

PoliticsEdit

The Soviet Union had much influence over both internal and external affairs, and Red Army forces were stationed in Poland (1945: 500,000; until 1955: 120,000 to 150,000; until 1989: 40,000). In 1945, Soviet generals and advisors formed 80% of the officer cadre of the Polish Armed Forces. The Polish United Workers' Party became the dominant political party, officially making the country a Communist state.

Events in 1956Edit

Bolesław Bierut died in March 1956, and was replaced with Edward Ochab. In June, workers in the industrial city of Poznań went on strike, in what became known as the Poznań 1956 protests. Voices began to be raised in the Party and among the intellectuals calling for wider reforms of the Stalinist system. Eventually, power shifted towards Władysław Gomułka, who replaced Bolesław Bierut as party leader. Hardline Stalinists were removed from power and many Soviet officers serving in the Polish Army were dismissed. This marked the end of the Stalinist era. However, by the mid-1960s Gomułka's reformist veil had long since fallen off, and Poland was starting to experience economic as well as political difficulties.

Also seeEdit

  1. Warsaw Radio Mast
  2. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  3. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  4. The President of Poland
  5. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  6. Polish United Workers' Party
  7. 1971 Łódź strikes
  8. 1981 Declaration of Martial Law in Poland
  9. Summer 1981 hunger demonstrations in Poland
  10. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  11. 1968 Polish political crisis
  12. 1970 Polish protests
  13. Bydgoszcz events of March 1981
  14. Exercise Zapad-81
  15. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  16. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  17. "Poland is 'toast'!"
  18. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  19. 1968 Polish political crisis
  20. 1970 Polish protests
  21. Bydgoszcz events of March 1981
  22. Exercise Zapad-81
  23. Gdynia (Rumia) Highway Strips
  24. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  25. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  26. Poznań 1956 protests
  27. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  28. Soviet invasion of Denmark
  29. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  30. The Republic of Mount Tarnica (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  31. Łask Air Base
  32. Solidarność
  33. Solidarity trades union
  34. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  35. Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”
  36. Soviet invasion of Denmark
  37. Gdynia (Rumia) Highway Strips
  38. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  39. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  40. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  41. Polish United Workers' Party
  42. Poznań 1956 protests
  43. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  44. Solidarity trades union
  45. Solidarność
  46. TEWA TG50 germanium transistors
  47. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  48. The Republic of Mount Tarnica (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  49. Łask Air Base

SourcesEdit

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_People%27s_Republic
  2. https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polska_Rzeczpospolita_Ludowa
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Poland_(1945%E2%80%9389)

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