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Left political views

Both Green politics and religious socialism are not mutually exclusive with other left points of view.

RKKA Lviv

Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive- Soviet Soldiers in Lvivh, 13 July 1944 – 29 August 1944. The great clash of Communism over Nazism. Hungary, SS Galitzen fought on this front. Nazi Germany lost to the USSR. Both Germany and the USSR were traumatized for many years a afterwards.

CommunismEdit

In the political and social sciences, communism (from the Latin communis, meaning in English: "common, universal") is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, royalty and the greater state authorities, if not the concept of state bodies as a whole. Communism is usually placed on the far-left within the traditional political left–right spectrum. Ballot rigging, disinformation, intimidation and bribery are a valid political tool. Whilst Eurosecptics and fascists also use it, the communists and fascists are willing and ready to take it back from their rivals, unlike the Eurosecptics, who hipocyticaly condemn every one else for it.

  • Core ideas include-
  1. Abolition of the social class system.
  2. The common holding of all communal property.
    1. Communal ownership of local and unimportant property.
    2. Communal ownership of more important things or corporate property.
    3. A dictatorship of the proletariat.
  3. Oppose monarchists.
  4. All economic and social activity is controlled by the state.
  5. A system in which each person can both contribute and receive according to both their ability and needs.
  6. A totalitarian or anarchist state dominated by a single and thus self-perpetuating political party that scribes to the above ideals.
  7. Arbitrarily taking rich people's assets and the giving them to the poor for free.
  8. The world wide spread of it's ideals, by force if necessary.

Ultimately, Communism, political Monetarism and Conservatism are incompatible with democracy, general public prosperity and civilization in general. Communism is a destructive system of social backwardness, either anarchic or dictatorial, extremely violent and classiest. Conservatism is a destructive system of social backwardness, classicist, makes social inequality and promotes general social prejudice. Monitraisum is a destructive system of corporate greed, heavily skewing the economy away form costly heavy industry toward the more profitably retail sector, makes fiscal inequality and promotes general disregard of human values in favor of the love of money prejudice.

Anarchist communismEdit

Marxism-LeninismEdit

Laying sewer hi res (2)

PVC is used extensively in sewage pipe due to its low cost, chemical resistance and ease of jointing. Workmen were members of the proletariat according to Marx, Engels and Lenin.

A dictatorship of the proletariat was there prime aim. This was to be done via either peaceful or violent means, but

StalinistEdit

Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented by Joseph Stalin. Stalinist policies in the Soviet Union included: state terror, rapid industrialisation, the theory of socialism in one country, a centralized state, collectivization of agriculture, cult of personality, and subordination of interests of foreign communist parties to those of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union—deemed by Stalinism to be the most forefront vanguard party of communist revolution at the time.

Stalinism promoted the escalation of class conflict, utilising state violence to forcibly purge society of claimed supporters of the bourgeoisie, regarding them as threats to the pursuit of the communist revolution that resulted in substantial political violence and persecution of such people. These included not only bourgeois people but also working-class people accused of counter-revolutionary sympathies.

After Stalin's death in 1953, his successor Nikita Khrushchev repudiated his policies, condemned Stalin's cult of personality in his Secret Speech to the Twentieth Party Congress in 1956, and instituted destalinisation and relative liberalisation (within the same political framework). Consequently, some of the world's Communist parties, who previously adhered to Stalinism, abandoned it and, to a greater or lesser degree, adopted the positions of Khrushchev. Others, such as the Communist Party of China, instead chose to split from the Soviet Union Sino-Soviet split refers.

Core ideas included:

  • A strong economy and a stable society.
  • A strong and centralised Russian dominated state.
  • The affirmation of national sovereignty and unity, which was to be personified by the national and later international class war lead by the Russians via the USSR as a whole.
  • A commitment global to class struggle.
  • A massive and enforced industrial and agrarian efficiency drive, facility upgrading and productivity improvements.
  • An independent nuclear deterrent.
  • Preserve Russian culture.
  • Opposed to liberalism and Trotskyisum.
  • East-West Realpolitik.
  • Russian nationalism.
  • Pride in Russian history.
  • Socially conservative polices.
  • Political vanguardisum.
  • The escalation of the domestic class conflict.
  • The utilizing state violence to forcibly purge society of claimed supporters of the bourgeoisie counter revolutionary ideals.
  • The mass arrest, deportation, jailing, gulaging, exile and deaths of his political rival.
  • Substantial political violence and persecution of such people.
  • Persecuting working-class people accused of counter-revolutionary sympathies, that is they liked anyone other than Stalin him self or his brown-nose Leventy Beria.

MaoismEdit

TitoismEdit

Titoism is described as the post-World War II policies and practices associated with Marshal Tito during the Cold War, with the opposition to the Soviet Union.

It is considered as a doctrine represented Josip Broz Tito's Yugoslav doctrine in Cold War international politics. Its background was the Yugoslav Partisans' liberation of Yugoslavia independently of, or without much help from, the Red Army, resulting in Yugoslavia being the only Eastern European country to remain "socialist, but independent" after World War II and resisting Soviet Union pressure to become a member of the Warsaw Pact. The term was originally used by the government of the Soviet Union to denote it as a heresy. Today it is used to refer to Yugo-nostalgia.

Elements of Titoism are characterised by policies and practices based on the principle that in each country, the means of attaining ultimate communist goals must be dictated by the conditions of that particular country, rather than by a pattern set in another country. It is distinct from Joseph Stalin's Socialism in One Country theory as Tito advocated cooperation between nations through the Non-Aligned Movement, while at the same time pursuing socialism in whatever ways best suited particular nations. On the other hand, Socialism in One Country focused on fast industrialisation and modernisation in order to compete with what Stalin perceived as the more advanced nations of the west. During Tito’s era, his ideas specifically meant that the communist goal should be pursued independently of (and often in opposition to) what he referred to as the Stalinist and Imperialist policies of the Soviet Union.

HoxhaismEdit

Hoxhaism is a variant of anti-revisionist Marxism–Leninism that developed in the late 1970s due to a split in the Maoist movement, appearing after the ideological row between the Communist Party of China and the Party of Labour of Albania in 1978. It is a separate international tendency within Marxism-Leninism, and is sometimes compared to it's regional rival, Titoism.

Hoxhaism demarcates itself by a strict defense of the legacy of Joseph Stalin, the organisation of the Soviet Union under Stalin, and fierce criticism of virtually all other communist groupings as "revisionist".

Critical of the United States, the Soviet Union, China, and Yugoslavia, Enver Hoxha labeled the latter three "social-imperialist" and condemned the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 before withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact in response. Hoxhaism, like Titoism, asserts the right of nations to pursue socialism by different paths, dictated by the conditions in that country— although Hoxha personally held that Titoism, in practice, was "anti-Marxist" overall.

Hoxha declared Albania the only state legitimately adhering to Marxism–Leninism after 1978. The Albanians succeeded in ideologically winning over a large share of Maoists, mainly in Latin America (such as the Popular Liberation Army and Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador, as well as the Communist Party of Brazil), but they also had a significant international following in general.

Following the fall of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania in 1991, the Hoxhaist parties grouped themselves around an international conference and the publication Unity and Struggle.

The Old LeftEdit

Bricklayers Arms Locomotive Depot, with SR 2-6-0 geograph-2654462-by-Ben-Brooksbank

Attribution: Ben Brooksbank. The Bricklayer's Arms Locomotive Depot/Motive Power Depot in 1959. This type of stuff would be driven by, made by and maintained by the sort of folk the Old Left and Clause 4 Labour would like to politically inspire.

Ebbw Vale Steel Works in 1969 - geograph.org.uk - 341363

Attribution: Peter Benton. Ebbw Vale Steelworks in 1969, by this time under the control of British Steel Corporation. The Old Left and Clause 4 Labour thrived in such places.

The trades unions and other left-wing to far left wing had defened workers rights over the years, especially in 'sweat of the brow' jobs like coal mining and steel mills.

It was generally held by the Old Left that the corrupt and lazy management could not be reformed, trades unions would grow in strength as workers rebelled against the corporate management, that the workers would eventual take power of their work places and a that dictatorship of the proletariat was inevitable, peacefully as a whole, but by the use of force if necessary.

It was working class based ideal that espoused that the working classes were the oppressed victims of the class system in which a rich elite were ripping them off. The basic ideas were orientated around stopping the historical employment concept of the management doing little physical labour and intellectually manipulating the system so they could rip off the workers and general public with high prices, low pay, long hours and minimal (if any) holiday leave and\or sick leave.

The unionised, Labour voting and old lefty workers believed that striking was a good way of hitting back since it would hit corporate profits and force the management to give in. The theory was that because the management were both so addicted to money and avoiding phisical labour, they would give up rather than do labour since they were lazy parasites. The Old Left (like the Clause 4 Labour) liked heavy industry, manual labour and the 'sweat of the brow' jobs. They opposed gays, toffs, monarchy, ecanomic decline, loss of work place rights, corruption, poverty, workplace injuries, slavery and exploitative employment situations.

War was generally seen as an international management\toff\monarchist\government plot to kill off their excess workers in what was perceived to be the human equivalent to the culling of excessive animals on a farm.

The New LeftEdit

The New Left was a broad political movement mainly in the 1960s and 1970s consisting of educators, agitators and others who sought to implement a broad range of non-socialist and radical liberal reforms on issues such as gay rights, abortion, gender roles and drugs, in contrast to earlier leftist or Marxist movements that had taken a more vanguardist approach to social justice and focused mostly on labour unionisation and questions of social class. The total rejection of authority and the obsession with feminism, the right to die, abortion, drug use and layzee-fare divorce was placing them more in the radical liberal fold out side of economic, military and forging affairs policy pledges.

Sections of the New Left rejected involvement with the labour movement and Marxism's historical theory of class struggle, although others gravitated to variants of Marxism like Maoism. In the United States, the movement was associated with the Hippie movement and anti-war college-campus protest movements including the Free Speech Movement.

It was more hard liberal than anything else and was part of the youth\Hippy narco-subculture. It admired the works of Herbert Marcuse, Ernst Bloch, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Mao Zedong (who was ironically even more blood thirsty than their enemy Stalin), John Lennon and Ho Chi Minh. Drug use, free sex, corruption and crime was seen as a legitimate way of doning anything in the moment.

The Weather Underground Organization (WUO) were part of this movement. They were behind numerous shootings, numerous bank robberies, some kidnappings and some bombings. It was very crime orientated. It was Loony-left. Anti-racist, opposition to the Vietnam War, Black supremacist, anti-world established order, anti-USA, obsessed America was run by rich people, pro-drugs, pro-feminism, hyper-violent and pro-youth drop-out culture. North Vietnam, communist Laos, communist Cuba and Ho Chi Minh idolisers. 

It has NO CONNECTION WHATSOEVER with the weather forecasting site https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_Underground_(weather_service) in any way or manner whatsoever!

Radical leftistsEdit

GuevarismEdit

Guevarism is a theory of communist revolution and a military strategy of guerrilla warfare associated with Marxist revolutionary fighter, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, a leading figure of the Cuban Revolution. During the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union clashed in a series of proxy wars, especially in the developing nations of the Third World, including many decolonization struggles.

After the 1959 triumph of the Cuban insurrection led by a militant "foco" under Fidel Castro, his Argentine-born, cosmopolitan and Marxist colleague Che Guevara parlayed his ideology and experiences into a model for emulation (and at times, direct military intervention) around the globe. While exporting one such "focalist" revolution to Bolivia, leading an armed vanguard party there in October 1967, Guevara was captured and executed, becoming a martyr to both the World Communist Movement and the New Left.

The emerging communist movements and other fellow traveler radicalism of the time, however, either switched to urban guerrilla warfare before the end of the 1960s, and/or soon revived the rural-based strategies of both Maoism and Guevarism, tendencies that escalated worldwide throughout the 1970s, by and large with the support from the communist states and the Soviet Union in general and Cuba's Castro regime in particular.

Another proponent of Guevarism was the French intellectual Régis Debray, who could be seen as attempting to establish a coherent, unitary theoretical framework on these grounds. Debray has since broken with this.

In Che Guevara's final years, after leaving Cuba, he advised communist paramilitary movements in Africa and Latin America, including a young Laurent Kabila, future ruler of Zaire/DR Congo.

The day after his execution on October 10, 1967, Che Guevara's corpse was displayed to the world press in the laundry house of the Vallegrande hospital in Bolivia.

Grenada's 'marxist' New Jewel MovementEdit

The Marxist New Jewel Movement (NJM) was a popular Grenadan communist party that colaborated with Cuba to upgrade the island, but the USA forcibalu crished the island, which Cuba refused to help for fear of irritating the USA.

SocialismEdit

Socialism is a range of leftist economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim at their establishment. Social ownership may refer to forms of public, cooperative, or collective ownership; to citizen ownership of equity; or to any combination of these. Although there are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms

  • Core ideas include:
  1. The communal ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., to be redistributed trough out the community as a whole.
    1. Communal, especially employee control of the company.
  2. The means of production (factories, farms, mines, etc.) are owned and controlled by the state
    1. The locally collective or ultimatum governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods.
  3. A Greater tax burden on rich people,
  4. A smaller tax burden on the poor,
  5. Strong trades unions.
  6. A welfare state.
  7. Abolition of the social class system.
  8. No major private property ownership.
  9. A democratic social and economic procedure or practice in accordance with this theory's above ideals.

The British Labour PartyEdit

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom. Growing out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the nineteenth century, the Labour Party has been described as a "broad church", encompassing a diversity of ideological trends from strongly socialist to moderate social democratic.

Founded in 1900, the Labour Party overtook the Liberal Party as the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and from 1929 to 1931. Labour later served in the wartime coalition from 1940 to 1945, after which it formed a majority government under Clement Attlee. Labour was also in government from 1964 to 1970 under Harold Wilson and from 1974 to 1979, first under Wilson and then James Callaghan.

The Labour Party was last in government from 1997 to 2010 under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, beginning with a landslide majority of 179, reduced to 167 in 2001 and 66 in 2005. Having won 232 seats in the 2015 general election, the party is the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Labour runs a minority government in the Welsh Assembly under Carwyn Jones, is the largest opposition party in the Scottish Parliament and has twenty MEPs in the European Parliament, sitting in the Socialists and Democrats Group. The party also organises in Northern Ireland, but does not contest elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Labour Party is a full member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, and holds observer status in the Socialist International. In September 2015, Jeremy Corbyn was elected Leader of the Labour Party.

The Labour Party's origins lie in the late 19th century, when it became apparent that there was a need for a new political party to represent the interests and needs of the urban proletariat, a demographic which had increased in number and had recently been given franchise. Some members of the trades union movement became interested in moving into the political field, and after further extensions of the voting franchise in 1867 and 1885, the Liberal Party endorsed some trade-union sponsored candidates. The first Lib–Lab candidate to stand was George Odger in the Southwark by-election of 1870. In addition, several small socialist groups had formed around this time, with the intention of linking the movement to political policies. Among these were the Independent Labour Party, the intellectual and largely middle-class Fabian Society, the Marxist Social Democratic Federation and the Scottish Labour Party.

In the 1895 general election, the Independent Labour Party put up 28 candidates but won only 44,325 votes. Keir Hardie, the leader of the party, believed that to obtain success in parliamentary elections, it would be necessary to join with other left-wing groups. Hardie's roots as a lay preacher contributed to an ethos in the party which led to the comment by 1950s General Secretary Morgan Phillips that "Socialism in Britain owed more to Methodism than Marx".

Co-operative Labour PartyEdit

Independent Labour Party (1893-1975)Edit

The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a socialist political party in Britain established in 1893, in Bradford. It was the representative party of the local trades unions, who had been struggling for years against ruthless mine and factories bosses. The ILP was affiliated to the Labour Party from 1906 to 1932, when it voted to leave. The organisation's three parliamentary representatives defected to the Labour Party in 1947 and the organisation rejoined the Labour Party as Independent Labour Publications in 1975.

Core ideas include:

  1. Pro-Socialism
  2. Pro-Democratic socialism
  3. Pro-Marxism
  4. Social democracy
  5. Affordable Homes
  6. Nuclear disablement
  7. Oppersition to major state spending cuts
  8. A welfare state
  9. Trades Uinionisum
  10. Hated rich people, stock brokers, bosses, bankers, ect
  11. Supported the poor, homless, disavantaged, old, children and the working classes

Clause 4 LabourEdit

Bricklayers Arms Locomotive Depot, with SR 2-6-0 geograph-2654462-by-Ben-Brooksbank

Attribution: Ben Brooksbank. The Bricklayer's Arms Locomotive Depot/Motive Power Depot in 1959. This type of stuff would be driven by, made by and maintained by the sort of folk the Old Left and Clause 4 Labour would like to politically inspire.

Ebbw Vale Steel Works in 1969 - geograph.org.uk - 341363

Attribution: Peter Benton. Ebbw Vale Steelworks in 1969, by this time under the control of British Steel Corporation. The Old Left and Clause 4 Labour thrived in such places.

It was a left wing labour party constitutional law (the 4th clause) that existed between 1917 and 1996. Several party members left in 1996 and tried to set up a hard line party based on Clause 4.

The original version of Clause IV, drafted by Sidney Webb in November 1917 and adopted by the party in 1918, read, in part 4:

"To secure for the workers by hand or by brain the full fruits of their industry and the most equitable distribution thereof that may be possible upon the basis of the common ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange, and the best obtainable system of popular administration and control of each industry or service."

This section was widely seen as the Labour Party's commitment to socialism, even though it is not explicitly mentioned (it is, however, implied by the phrase "common ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange"). The Manchester Guardian heralded it as showing "the Birth of a Socialist Party", stating that:

"The changes of machinery are not revolutionary, but they are significant. There is now for the first time embodied in the constitution of the party a declaration of political principles, and these principles are definitely Socialistic. ... In other words, the Labour party becomes a Socialist party (the decisive phrase is "the common ownership of the means of production") ... Platonic resolutions have been passed before now, both by the Labour party and by the Trade Unions Congress in favour of the Socialistic organisation of society, but they are now for the first time made an integral part of the party constitution."

In 1918, nationalisation was seen by many voters as akin to modernisation – the nationalisation of the railways was a widely supported policy, for instance, as it would reduce the plethora of uncoordinated and competing companies. This text is usually assumed to involve nationalisation of the whole economy but close reading of the text shows that there are many other possible interpretations. Common ownership, though later given a technical meaning by the 1976 Industrial Common Ownership Act, could mean municipal ownership, worker cooperatives or consumer cooperatives.

In December 1944, the Labour Party adopted a policy of "public ownership" and won a clear endorsement for their policies – the destruction of the "evil giants" of want, ignorance, squalour, disease and idleness (identified by William Beveridge in the Beveridge report) – in the post-war election victory of 1945 which brought Clement Attlee to power. However the party had no clear plan as to how public ownership would shape their reforms and much debate ensued.

The nationalisation was led by Herbert Morrison who had had the experience of uniting London's buses and underground train system into a centralised system in the 1930s. He started with the Bank of England in April 1946, whereby stockholders received compensation and the governor and deputy governor were both re-appointed. Further industries swiftly followed: civil aviation in 1946, and railways and telecommunications in 1947, along with the creation of the National Coal Board, which was responsible for supplying 90% of UK's energy needs. 1946 also saw the establishment of the National Health Service which came into force in July 1948 and in 1948 came the nationalisation of railways, canals, road haulage and electricity. By 1951 the iron, steel and gas industries had also been brought into public ownership.

The trades unions and other left-wing to far left wing had defened workers rights over the years.

It was working class based ideal that espoused that the working classes were the oppressed victims of the class system in which a rich elite were ripping them off. The basic ideas were orientated around stopping the historical employment concept of the management doing little physical labour and intellectually ripping off the workers with high prices, low pay, long hours and minimal (if any) holiday leave and\or sick leave. The workers believed that striking was a good way of hitting back since the management were addicted to money and would give up rather than do labour since they were lazy parasites. The Clause 4 Labour (like the Old Left) liked heavy industry, manual labour and the 'sweat of the brow' jobs. They opposed gays, toffs, monarchy. corruption, poverty, workplace injuries, slavery and exploitative employment situations. War was generally seen as an international management\toff\monarchist plot to kill off their excess workers in what was perceived to be the human equivalent to the culling of excessive animals on a farm.

The Loony LeftEdit

The London's political 'Loony Left' were part of this movement.

While academics have depicted the era as of the "new urban left" (such as with the rate-capping rebellion) as a throwback to earlier municipal militancy and poplarism, but wider media coverage tended to focus on the personalities of city leaders such as the Greater London Council's Ken Livingstone and Liverpool's Derek Hatton. When the Conservative government introduced "rate capping", Bernie Grant led the fight against it in the borough. This split the local Labour Party, but through this split Grant became the Borough of Haringey leader in 1985.

The Lambeth Borough leader 'Red' Ted night is often regarded as there spiritual founder. The Conservative Party and the popular tabloid press habitual mocked them and the GLC as part of a anti-Labour Party campaign run by the Conservatives (AKA- The Tories). Labour had got a firm control of Greater London and Liverpool, which it ran as de facto quasi independent states through out the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The press accounts about the wider use of the nursery rhyme "Baa, Baa, White Sheep", renaming manhole covers, and "black bin-liner bags" were urban myths caused by outright fabrications by the gutter press. The reports that London councils had insisted that homosexuals be placed at the heads of the waiting lists for council housing and that London councils had spent £0.5 millions on "24 super-loos for gypsies" were found to be highly misleading upon investigation by the Media Research Group of Goldsmiths' College, University of London. The 'Loony Left' were Labour councilors, party associations and MPs who were considered to be extremely left wing, even by communist standards.

Core ideas are:

  • Irrationally obsessed with minority and fringe issues,
  • Paranoid about racial and sexual "problems" that are wholly imaginary on their parts and that have no real existence (see- Baa, Baa, White Sheep).
  • Anti-Thacherite.
  • After the millennium the rival Blairites came to predominance. Anti-Sematisum, black nationalism, Scottish nationalism, Irish Republicanism, political Islam, radical anti-capitalist/globalisation, Ba'athisum and Islamism then infected the Loony Left. It would later spread in to the British Labour party as a whole after the fall of the Blairites.

Democratic Labour [of Lincoln city]Edit

Democratic Labour [of Lincoln city] was a minor political party operating in the United Kingdom in the 1970s. They were formed by the Labour MP, Dick Taverne when his Constituency Labour Party (Lincoln) asked him to stand down as their candidate at the next general election. He had fallen out with them over Britain's continued membership of the European Economic Community which he supported but they did not.

Taverne resigned from Labour on October 6, 1972, forming the Lincoln Democratic Labour Association which his supporters in the CLP joined. His initial ambitions were to eventually re-join the Labour Party, but there were some who attempted to persuade him to try to establish a new party of the political centre.

Taverne resigned from parliament at the same time that he resigned from the Labour Party in order to force the issue into the open, and he won the ensuing Lincoln by-election, held in March, 1973.

His victory was aided by the lack of a Liberal candidate as it decided instead to support his candidacy (in those days the party was only able to stand in a limited number of places and had a very limited base to work from in Lincoln) and the controversial adoption of Jonathan Guinness by the Conservatives.

Shortly after his by-election victory, Taverne formed the Campaign for Social Democracy as a nationally based body. He was re-elected in the February, 1974 general election, and continued to serve until the October, 1974 general election when he was defeated (Wilson demanding the Labour Party "threw the kitchen sink" at Lincoln to get him out). He did not stand in the seat again, but Democratic Labour continued to organise politically, to the extent that Democratic Labour controlled Lincoln City Council from 1973 until 1979.

At the 1979 general election, Democratic Labour contested two seats: Lincoln and Brigg and Scunthorpe. Taverne advised against nominating any candidates but campaigned for them anyway. Both were unsuccessful in their attempts to gain seats in the House of Commons, with both candidates losing their deposits (at that time, 12.5% of the vote was need to keep deposits, falling to 5% only after the 1983 General Election).

In 1980, Democratic Labour merged with the Social Democratic Alliance. A social club they had established ran until 1987.

In many ways, Democratic Labour can be seen as a forerunner of the Social Democratic Party, which was formed by many of the viewpoints as Taverne, that broke away from Labour in the early 1980s. Taverne himself twice stood as a Social Democratic Party candidate but failed to be elected again.

The SDPEdit

The Social Democratic Party (SDP) was a centrist political party in the United Kingdom, but a tiny rump party still lingers on in a few places.

The SDP began life as the Council for Social Democracy on 25 January 1981, and was founded as a party on 26 March 1981 by four senior Labour Party 'moderates', dubbed the 'Gang of Four': Roy Jenkins, David Owen, Bill Rodgers and Shirley Williams, in a statement known as the Limehouse Declaration. At the time of the SDP's founding, Owen and Rodgers were sitting Labour Members of Parliament (MPs); Jenkins had left Parliament in 1977 to serve as President of the European Commission, while Williams had lost her seat in the 1979 general election. The four left the Labour Party as a result of policy changes enacted at the January 1981 Wembley conference which committed the party to unilateral nuclear disarmament and withdrawal from the European Economic Community. They also believed that Labour had become too left-wing, and had been infiltrated at constituency party level by Trotskyist factions whose views and behaviour they considered to be at odds with the Parliamentary Labour Party and Labour voters.

For the 1983 and 1987 General Elections, the SDP formed a political and electoral alliance with the Liberal Party known as the SDP–Liberal Alliance. After a ballot of members and the passing of a motion at the 1987 Portsmouth conference, the party merged with the Liberal Party in 1988 to form the Social and Liberal Democrats (now known as the Liberal Democrats), although a minority left to form a continuing SDP led by David Owen.

Millitant LabourEdit

BlairisumEdit

Social\Socialist anarchismEdit

Social anarchism (sometimes referred to as socialist anarchism) is a non-state form of socialism and is generally considered to be the branch of anarchism which sees individual freedom as being dependent upon mutual aid. Social anarchist thought generally emphasizes community and social equality.

Social anarchists advocate the conversion of present-day private property into social property or the commons, while retaining respect for personal property. The term is used specifically to describe those who place a higher emphasis on supporting the communitarian and cooperative aspects of anarchist theory than other anarchists. It is generally considered an umbrella term which includes (but is not limited to) collectivist anarchism, anarchist communism, anarcho-syndicalism, and social ecology.

The term "social anarchism" is often used interchangeably with libertarian socialism, left-libertarianism, or left anarchism. It emerged in the late 19th century as a distinction from individualist anarchism.

Ba'athisumEdit

Ba'athism (Arabic: البعث‎ al-ba‘ath meaning "renaissance"/"resurrection") is an Arab nationalist ideology that promotes the development and creation of a unified Arab state through the leadership of a vanguard party over a progressive revolutionary government. The ideology is officially based on the theories of the Syrian intellectuals Zaki al-Arsuzi (according to the pro-Syrian Ba'ath movement), Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar.

A Ba'athist society seeks enlightenment, renaissance of Arab culture, values and society. It supports the creation of one-party states, and rejects political pluralism in an unspecified length of time – the Ba'ath party theoretically uses an unspecified amount of time to develop an enlightened Arabic society. Ba'athism is based on principles of Arab nationalism, pan-Arabism, Arab socialism, as well as social progress. It is a secular ideology. A Ba'athist state supports socialist economics to a varying degree, and supports public ownership over the heights of the economy but opposes the confiscation of private property. Socialism in Ba'athist ideology does not mean state socialism or economic equality, but modernisation; Ba'athists believe that socialism is the only way to develop an Arab society which is truly free and united.

The two Ba'athist states which have existed (Iraq and Syria) forbade criticism of their ideology through authoritarian governance. These governments have been labelled as neo-Ba'athist, because the form of Ba'athism developed in Iraq and Syria was very different from the Ba'athism of Aflaq and al-Bitar; for example, none of the ruling Ba'ath parties actually pursued or pursues a policy of unifying the Arab world.

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي‎ Ḥizb Al-Ba‘ath Al-‘Arabī Al-Ishtirākī) was a political party founded in Syria by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar and associates of Zaki al-Arsuzi. The party espoused Ba'athism (from Arabic: البعث‎ Al-Ba'ath or Ba'ath meaning "renaissance" or "resurrection"), which is an ideology mixing Arab nationalist, pan-Arabism, Arab socialist and anti-imperialist interests. Ba'athism calls for unification of the Arab world into a single state. Its motto, "Unity, Liberty, Socialism", refers to Arab unity, and freedom from non-Arab control and interference.

Aflaq is today considered the founder of the Ba'athist movement, or at least, its most notable contributor. There were other notable ideologues as well, such as Arsuzi and Salah al-Din al-Bitar. From the founding of the Arab Ba'ath Movement until the mid-1950s in Syria and the early 1960s in Iraq, the ideology of the Ba'ath Party was largely synonymous with that of Aflaq's. Aflaq's view on Arab nationalism is considered by some, such as historian Paul Salem of the Middle East Institute, as romantic and poetic.

In intellectual terms, Aflaq recast the conservative Arab nationalist thoughts and changed them to reflect a strong revolutionary and progressive tendency which developed in harmony alongside the decolonisation and other events which happened in the Arab world at the time of his life. He insisted on the overthrow of the old ruling classes, and supported the creation of a secular society by separating Islam from the state. Not all these ideas were his, but it was Aflaq who succeeded in turning these beliefs into a transnational movement. The core basis of Ba'athism is Arab socialism, a socialism with Arab characteristics which is not associated with the international socialist movement, and pan-Arab ideology.

Ba'athism, as developed by Aflaq and Bitar, was a unique left-wing Arab-centric ideology. The ideology presented itself as representing the "Arab spirit against materialistic communism" and "Arab history against dead reaction." It held ideological similarity and a favourable outlook to the Non-Aligned Movement politics of Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdel Nasser, and Josip Broz Tito, and historically opposed affiliation with either the American-led Western Bloc or the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

  • Core ideas are:
  1. Arab socialism,
  2. Arab nationalisum,
  3. Socialism with Arab characteristics, which is not associated with the international socialist movement,
  4. A pan-Arab ideology.
  5. A secular system and the belief that religion should not be involved with the ordinary social and political life.

NasserismEdit

Nasserism (Arabic: التيار الناصري‎ at-Tayyār an-Nāṣṣarī) is a socialist Arab nationalist political ideology based on the thinking of Gamal Abdel Nasser, one of the two principal leaders of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and Egypt's second President. Spanning the domestic and international spheres, it combines elements of Arab socialism, republicanism, nationalism, anti-imperialism, Developing world solidarity, and international non-alignment. In the 1950s and 1960s, Nasserism was amongst the most potent political ideologies in the Arab world. This was especially true following the Suez Crisis of 1956 (known in Egypt as the Tripartite Aggression), the political outcome of which was seen as a validation of Nasserism, and a tremendous defeat for Western imperial powers. During the Cold War, its influence was also felt in other parts of Africa, and the developing world, particularly with regard to anti-imperialism, and non-alignment.

The scale of the Arab defeat in the Six-Day War of 1967 damaged the standing of Nasser, and the ideology associated with him. Though it survived Nasser's death in 1970, certain important tenets of Nasserism were revised or abandoned totally by his successor, Anwar Sadat, during what he termed the 'Corrective Revolution', and later his Infitah economic policies. Under the three decade rule of Sadat's successor, Hosni Mubarak, most of the remaining socialist infrastructure of Egypt was replaced by neo-liberal policies strongly at odds with Nasserist principles. In the international arena, Mubarak departed almost entirely from traditional Egyptian policy, becoming a steadfast ally of both the U.S. government, and Israel, the latter still viewed by most Egyptians with enmity and distrust, derived largely from the five wars that Egypt fought against Israel between 1948 and 1973.

During Nasser's lifetime, Nasserist groups were encouraged and often supported financially by Egypt, to the extent that many became seen as willing agents of the Egyptian government in its efforts to spread revolutionary nationalism in the Arab World. In the 1970s, as a younger generation of Arab revolutionaries came to the fore, Nasserism outside of Egypt metamorphosed into other Arab nationalist, and pan-Arabist movements, including component groups of the Lebanese National Movement during the Lebanese Civil War. The main Nasserite movements that continued to be active till today on the Lebanese scene are mainly represented by the organization in Sidon of populist Nasserist partisans (al-Tanzim al-Sha'bi al-Nassiri) that are led by Oussama Saad, and in Beirut as represented mainly by the Mourabitoun movement. Both groups have been mainly active since the early 1950s among Sunni Muslims, and they are currently associated politically with the 'March 8' coalitions in Lebanese politics.

Nasserism continues to have significant resonance throughout the Arab world to this day, and informs much of the public dialogue on politics in Egypt, and the wider region. Prominent Nasserist Hamdeen Sabahi competed in the first round of the 2012 Egyptian Presidential election, and only narrowly avoided securing a position in the run-off against eventual winner Mohamed Morsi.

  • Core ideas are
  1. Arab nationalism,
  2. Pan-Arabism,
  3. Arab socialism,
  4. Republicanism,
  5. Anti-imperialism,
  6. Third-Worldism.

Social democracyEdit

Social democracy is a political ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving collective bargaining arrangements, a commitment to representative democracy, measures for income redistribution, regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions. 

Social democracy thus aims to create the conditions for capitalism to lead to greater democratic, egalitarian and solidaristic outcomes; and is often associated with the set of socioeconomic policies that became prominent in Northern Europe and Western Europe, particularly the 'Nordic Model' in the Nordic countries, during the latter half of the 20th century.

ChavismEdit

Chavism (Spanish: Chavismo) is the left-wing political ideology based on the ideas, programs and government style associated with the former president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez. It combines elements of socialism, left-wing populism, patriotism, internationalism, Bolivarianism, feminism, green politics, and Caribbean and Latin American integration. Chavista is a term to describe strong supporters of Chávez, which is closely associated with support for Chavismo.

Several political parties in Venezuela support chavismo. The main party, founded and led by Chávez, is the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, usually referred to by the four letters, PSUV). Other parties and movements supporting Chavismo include Homeland for All (Spanish: Patria Para Todos or PPT), and Tupamaros.

Broadly, Chavismo policies include nationalization, social welfare programs, and opposition to neoliberalism (particularly the policies of the IMF and the World Bank). According to Hugo Chávez, Venezuelan socialism accepts private property, but this socialism seeks to promote social property too. Chavismo also support participatory democracy and workplace democracy. In January 2007, Chávez proposed to build the communal state, whose main idea is to build self-government institutions like communal councils, communes, and communal cities. It has gradually failed due to the unsustainable spending and shriveling economy of the nation.

  • Core ideas are
  1. Socialism,
  2. left-wing populism,
  3. Venezuelan patriotism,
  4. Internationalism,
  5. Bolivarianism,
  6. Feminism,
  7. Putinmania,
  8. Chinaphilia,
  9. Amricaphobia
  10. Green politics,
  11. Caribbean and Latin American integration,
  12. A rabid and obsessive hatred of the USA,
  13. Nationalization,
  14. Grandiose social welfare programs targeted a his core voters,
  15. Total opposition to neoliberalism (particularly the policies of the IMF and the World Bank).
  16. Promote a mix of both private property and social property too,
  17. A participatory democracy and workplace democracy via a communal state, whose main idea is to build self-government institutions like communal councils, communes, and communal cities.
  18. Undermining democracy 'via the back door' with place men and favoritism.

2010s UK antisemitism debacleEdit

Any sine of counter-Zionism of antisemitism as of 2010 has lead to Labour being officially condemned by parliament, the BNP getting knocked about a bit in the print media, UKIP getting slightly praised in the print media the other parties being ignored over it (mot that some like PC are legally bound by party policy no to hate Jews or any other race).

Also seeEdit

  1. USSR
  2. CPSU
  3. COMECON
  4. Mexico '68
  5. Warsaw Pact
  6. Threat construction
  7. 1968 Stonewall riots
  8. 1953 East German Uprising
  9. Socialism with a human face
  10. Prague Protests of 1968
  11. May 1968 events in France
  12. Brezhnev doctrine
  13. Truman doctrine
  14. 1960s Berkeley protests
  15. 1968 Polish political crisis
  16. 1968 student demonstrations in Belgrade
  17. 17 July Revolution (Iraq)
  18. November 1963 Iraqi coup d'état
  19. Movement of 22 March
  20. A political diorama
  21. The political spectrum
  22. False news sites
  23. Popularisum
  24. "Reds under the bed"
  25. How Governments become Authoritarian
  26. How to tell your election was rigged!?
  27. Eurosceptics and "Little Englanders"
  28. Wedge issues and political cleavage
  29. Politically Fascist and/or Nazi
  30. Politics
  31. The Troubles
  32. Na Trioblóidí
  33. A political diorama
  34. The Paris riots of the 1960s
  35. Italy's Years of Lead
  36. Kent State University Shootings
  37. Columbia University student uprising of 1968
  38. Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
  39. London's Burning" (the political epithet, not the UK TV show)
  40. Racial conflict in London (1959-1982)
  41. IG Metall strikes between 1955 and 1985
  42. Kent State University vs. Ohio National Guardsmen
  43. Rodney riots
  44. King assassination riots
  45. 1968 Pittsburgh riots
  46. 1967 Detroit riot
  47. Glenville shootout
  48. Long hot summer of 1967
  49. 1968 Washington, D.C., riots
  50. 1968 Chicago riots
  51. Baltimore riot of 1968
  52. 1968 Kansas City, Missouri riot
  53. 1968 New York City riot
  54. 1956 Georgian demonstrations
  55. 1956 Hungarian Revolution
  56. Cultural representations of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  57. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  58. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  59. Poznań 1956 protests
  60. Solidarność
  61. Stalin Monument (Budapest)
  62. 1956 Hungarian Revolution
  63. Terrorist organisations
  64. Secret police
  65. Workers' Militia
  66. 1968 student demonstrations in Belgrade
  67. Poznań 1956 protests
  68. Significant events of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956
  69. 1956 Georgian demonstrations
  70. 1956 Hungarian Revolution
  71. 1970 Polish protests
  72. 1971 Łódź strikes
  73. 1981 Declaration of Martial Law in Poland
  74. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  75. 1968 Polish political crisis
  76. 1970 Polish protests
  77. A political diorama
  78. Bydgoszcz events of March 1981
  79. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  80. Polish United Workers' Party
  81. Poznań 1956 protests
  82. Solidarity trades union
  83. Solidarność
  84. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  85. Stalin's cult of personality
  86. Iron Certain
  87. Bamboo Curtain
  88. Inner German Border
  89. Collective farms
  90. Life under communism
  91. Political Bureau (Politburo)
  92. Czechoslovakian leaders
  93. Russian and Soviet Leaders since 1917
  94. American Presidents since 1913
  95. London's political 'Loony Left'
  96. IG Metall strikes between 1955 and 1985
  97. Kent State University Shootings
  98. A political diorama
  99. Stalin's purges
  100. Stalinism
  101. Stalin's cult of personality
  102. Stalin Monument (Budapest)
  103. Communist Party of China
  104. Communist Party of Canada (CPC)
  105. Communist Party of Quebec
  106. Italian Communist Party
  107. French Communist Party
  108. Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
  109. Communist International
  110. Communist old guard
  111. Communist parties
  112. Kent State University Shootings
  113. IG Metall strikes between 1955 and 1985
  114. Socialist realism
  115. Lord Louis Mountbatten's very British coup
  116. Controversial statues of world leaders and iconic individuals!

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  180. http://www.theguardian.com/uk/picture/2013/apr/11/brixton-riots-1981-margaret-thatcher
  181. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Royal_Borough_of_Kensington_and_Chelsea
  182. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Bernie_Grant

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