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BackgroundEdit

Racism and Anti-Sematisum in the East EndEdit

Anti-sematisum, sino-phobia and Polonophobia were common place since late Victorian times. Some of the then Jack the Ripper theories were wholly Anti-Semitic in nature and Sir Oswald Mosley's fascist Black Shirts held sway parts of in the East End from the mid 1930s to the early 1950s.

The 'Windrush Boys' arriveEdit

Shanghai'd on the Thames03:11

Shanghai'd on the Thames

The first West Indian immigrants arrived on The Windrush in 1948.

The British Nationality Act 1948 gave British citizenship to all people living in Commonwealth countries, and full rights of entry and settlement in Britain. Many West Indians were attracted by better prospects in what was often referred to as the mother country, which was short of manpower due to the heavy losses incurred in World War 2. Northampton and Reading welcomed them, but London and Nottingham hated them. The traditional Labour voting parts of the East End basically hated any one, who weren't native Londoner/East End Whites. Sir Oswald Mosley had once held much support in parts of it due to his Anti-Semitic views.

In 1958, attacks in the London area of Notting Hill by white youths marred relations with West Indian residents, leading to the creation of the annual Notting Hill Carnival, which was initiated in 1959 as a positive response by the Caribbean community. The continue to celebrate their cultural heritage at the festival to the resent day.

The Kray twinsEdit

Twin brothers Ronald "Ronnie" Kray (24 October 1933 – 17 March 1995) and Reginald "Reggie" Kray (24 October 1933 – 1 October 2000) were English gangsters who were the foremost perpetrators of organised crimes including armed robberies, arson, protection rackets, assaults, intimidation and the murders in London's East End of during the 1950s and 1960s.  They were non-political and, as far as I know non-raciest, gangsters, but they helped destabilise London all the same. Vote chasing politicians even exploited the Kray's criminal acts for there electoral gain.

The 1954 Newspaper DisputeEdit

The Newspaper Dispute (1954)-004:03

The Newspaper Dispute (1954)-0

The Newspaper Dispute (1954).

The walk out disrupted the news papers, including fleet Street in London.

The 1955 Rail StrikeEdit

Rail Strike Chaos (1955)02:18

Rail Strike Chaos (1955)

The National Rail Strike Chaos of 1955.

The walk out disrupted the railways, including those in London. Apparently one of the unions was more militant than the other and fell out with the TUC, who are the trades union's collective national organising comity. A communist plot may have been behind the strike.

1958 race riotsEdit

Race riots hit Notting Hill and Nottingham. As with may of London's anarchy and lawlessness crisis, it also in other cities, but Inner London was always the worst offender.

London's economy folds upEdit

The East End declinesEdit

Limehouse Basin was amongst the first docks to close in the late 1960s. later the docks also closed at Whapping and The Isle of Dogs. Other places like Whitechapple and Brick Lane were also in decline for other socio-economic reasons. By 1981, Limehouse had shared the London Docklands-wide physical, social and economic decline which led to the setting up of the London Docklands Development Corporation in these regions.

As industry continued to decline during the 1970s, Camden's population continued to decline, falling to 161,100 at the start of the 1980s.

The Camden markets, which started in 1973, when Camden Lock market proper started in a former timber-yard in 1973, and have now grown to 6 since then. The equily popular market in Inverness Steet is over 100 years old. Camden has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross.

Other places like Whitechapple, Shadwell, the Isle of Dogs, Wapping, Beckton and the Greenwich Peninsular have been revitalised since the late 1970s.

The Bricklayers' Arms FlyoverEdit

BricklayersArmsFlyover.improved

Bricklayers' Arms roundabout and flyover.

A flyover of the Bricklayers' Arms roundabout was built in the 1970s to cope with the increase in traffic in the area. Initially it consisted of two lanes for traffic, one into and one out of London; however, the London-bound lane was later closed after a number of head-on collisions on the flyover, which was hence reduced to east bound only route.

In the 1970s there was a plan by the Greater London Council for a road to go between the Bricklayers Arms roundabout and the northern entrance of the Blackwall Tunnel, crossing the Thames in two tunnels (one adjacent to Tower Bridge and providing a link to London Docklands.

The rather over generous proportions of the roundabout which includes pedestrian underpasses from the adjacent roads onto it was a result of London Underground route safeguarding for future proposals of an extension of the Bakerloo Line from its terminus at Elephant and Castle Tube Station along and under the main road route and thence underneath the trackways of the old main line station to join surface services at South Bermondsey station. The roundabout would have been the site of a station, similar in layout to that at Old Street. The route is still safeguarded but has no prominence in current proposals. The pedestrian underpasses were not attractive and involved quite circuitous walks via the island, surfacing and descending again to the various entrances; in 2009 these were supplemented by Pelican Crossings at the junctions with New Kent and Old Kent Roads, introduced because pedestrians preferring to cross there were causing more accidents. In 2013 the underpasses were filled in and levelled becoming wider pavements at these points.

East India Dock closed in about 1976Edit

Poplar railway station 1974037 907ff1fc

Site of Poplar Station. A view eastward, towards site of Blackwall terminus (now Brunswick Wharf Power Station); ex-Great Eastern, Fenchurch St. - Stepney - Millwall Junction - Blackwall line. This was the original rope-worked line of 1840 (steam locomotives from 1846): it lost its passenger service (Millwall Jct. - Blackwall) from 3/5/26 (goods at Blackwall end from 14/11/27, although freight continued to East India Dock until about 1976); the line curving right served the Midland Railway Dock. The Docklands Light Railway (Beckton and Woolwich branches) has been built since 1987 over part of this formation and this is now the site of Blackwall DLR station. Attribution: Ben Brooksbank.

Also See:How 6 East London railway stations are an analogy of London's East End!

East India Dock closed in about 1976 and many became both jobless and poor. The goods trains to Blackwall end from 14/11/27, although freight continued to East India Dock until about 1976); the line curving right served the Midland Railway Dock. The Docklands Light Railway (Beckton and Woolwich branches) has been built since 1987 over part of this formation and this is now the site of Blackwall DLR station.

RecoveryEdit

The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of London and has grown vastly ever since.

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an accidental under count that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure is 227,500.

Similar stories of decline and renewal hit other places like Manchester, Cardiff, Belfast and Glasgow at the same time.

The eventsEdit

The Special Patrol GroupEdit

The Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group (SPG) was a often violent special police squad analogues to the other forces' more law abiding Special/Flying Squad and was active from 1961 to 12 January 1987, then being replaced by the Territorial Support Group. The SPG was accused of racism and abuse of the UK's sus laws.

The offical equerry and police disciplinary inquiry after the death of Blair Peach found variety of unauthorised weapons were either used by and/or found in the possession of SPG officers, including baseball bats, crowbars and sledgehammers.

Sir Oswald Mosley gets punched in 1962Edit

Anti-Nazi violence flared at Union Movement Mosley rally lead by Former fascist leader, Sir Oswald Mosley, he is punched on Kingsland High Road.

The Bangladeshis arriveEdit

Parfett Street, Whitechapel E1

Parfett_Street,_Whitechapel in 1985.

Brick Lane 2005

Brick Lane in 2005.

They fist came over as a result of the 1969-1972 Bangladeshi was of independence against Pakistan. 5 March 1971 saw a demonstration in front Pakistan High Commission in London with a flag burning and memorandum handover to high commissioner for liberation. Similar anti-Pakistan events occurred at this time in both Birmingham and other parts of London, such as Spitalfields. They were later encouraged to move to Britain on mass due to changes in immigration UK laws, natural disasters such as the Bhola cyclone, the aftermath of the Bangladesh Liberation War against Pakistan, to escape poverty and on the Sylhet region's perception of a better living led Sylheti men bringing their families in the UK. They set up many restaurants, Indian take-away shops, tailor's shops, small clothing firms, newsagents and corner shops in the districts they settled in.

A large immigration to Britain then took place during the 1970s, following the founding of Bangladesh in 1971, leading to the establishment of a British Bangladeshi community. During the 1970s and 1980s, they experienced institutionalised racism (especially with white employers and the police) and racial attacks by thugs aligned to the city's various organised ultra-right fascist groups such as National Front and the then still fledgling British Nationalist Party.

Brick Lane in the 1970sEdit

Brick Lane (Bengali: ব্রিক লেন) is a street in East London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It runs from Swanfield Street in the northern part of Bethnal Green, crosses Bethnal Green Road, passes through Spitalfields and is linked to Whitechapel High Street to the south by the short stretch of Osborn Street. Today, it is the heart of the city's Bangladeshi-Sylheti community and is known to some as Banglatown. It is now famous for its many curry houses.

White supremacists skinhead gangs vandalised property and spat at Bengali children in Brick Lane. The neo-fascist National Front handed out leaflets on the streets or Bethnal Green and assembled people at a pub in Cheshire Street. Bengali children were allowed to go home from school early, with their mothers walking to work in groups and parents start imposing curfews on their children for their own safety.

Because of all these racial attacks, Tower Hamlets council fitted their flats with fire-proof letterboxes to protect Bangladeshi tenants from racially motivated arson.

Residents began to fight back by creating committees and youth groups such as the Bangladesh Youth Movement, which was formed by young activists led by Shajahan Lutfur.

25 year old Altab Ali a was murdered on the 4th of May, 1978, in a racist attack, as he walked home from work near the corner of Adler Street and Whitechapel Road by St Mary's Churchyard. The 3 killers were teenage boys, Roy Arnold (White 17-year-old from Limehouse), Carl Ludlow (White 17-year-old from Bow) and unnamed Mixed Race 16-year-old boy who killed him. They left a message on a nearby wall which said, "We’re back.".

This then led to over 7,000 Bangladeshis including others to take part in a demonstration against racist violence and marched behind Altab Ali’s coffin From Hyde Park Corner to Number 10 Downing Street. Some Bangladeshi youths formed local visual-anti gangs and carried out reprisal attacks on their white skinhead opponents. The name of Altab Ali live on as the name of a local park.

A mixed White/Asian/Black demonstration against the National Front took place in Brick Lane, during the June of 1978.

The National Front moved its headquarters from Teddington in West London to Great Eastern Street, a few minutes' walk from Brick Lane in the September of 1978.

The murdered Altab AliEdit

A protest march by Bangladeshis passes through Downing Street with murdered Altab Ali's coffin, 1978.

1970 Southall peace and unity marchEdit

A 25-30 strong Afro-Caribbean and Asian rally occurred near Ealing Broadway station in first week of May.

1974 Red Lion Square race rally clashesEdit

A march through central London, that went trough Red Lion Square turned in to a riot a 1 person was killed in Red Lion Square. 39 policemen and several demonstrators received treatment for cuts and other injuries.

The National Front was marching to protest against the government's amnesty for illegal immigrants and Members of the International Marxist Group (IMG), marching with Liberation, clashed with police at Red Lion Square when they both attempted to continue on their pre-planned and intersecting route.

The 'steaming' of the Nottinghill CanaveralEdit

The 1959 event, held indoors and televised by the BBC, was organised by Trinidadian Claudia Jones

Emslie Horniman's Pleasance (in the nearby Ladbroke Grove area, with Westbourne Park its closest tube station), has been the carnival's traditional starting point.

There was major trouble in 1976 and 1975 with pickpockets in the crowd and police's heavy-handed approach against the large congregation of blacks and it became "no-man's land". The 1,600 strong police force violently broke up the 1976 carnival, resulting in the arrest of 60 people. The mostly white police then understandably bullied, got paranoid about, lied about and racial smeared it for many years. A change of policy came after a confrontation with mostly Jamaican 'Steamers' (crowds off professional muggers, mugging entire clouds of spectators on mass) in 1987. There were a few other muggings, lesser steaming in later years.

The Brick Lane anti-National Front demonstration of June 1978Edit

A mixed White/Asian/Black demonstration against the National Front took place in Brick Lane, during the June of 1978.

The new National Front HQEdit

The National Front moved its headquarters from Teddington in West London to Great Eastern Street, a few minutes' walk from Brick Lane in the September of 1978.

The 'Winter of Discontent' in LondonEdit

The phrase "Winter of Discontent" refers to the British winter of 1978-1979, when widespread strikes marked the largest stoppage of labour since the 1926 General Strike, as the working classes and the Trade Unions rebelled against the hapless Labour Party government of James Callaghan, due to the declining economically. Most of the strikes were  over by the February of 1979, but the Conservatives fed on it and proto-spin-doctored there way to victory in the 1979 general election and then inevitably passed legislation to restrict unions.

Public sector employee strike actions included an unofficial strike by gravediggers working in Liverpool and Tameside, and strikes by refuse collectors. Additionally, NHS ancillary workers formed picket lines to blockade hospital entrances with the result that many hospitals were reduced to taking emergency patients only.

The U.K.'s dustmen (a.k.a. garbage collectors) went on strike trough out most of the strike and caused much chaos in the nation. Feb. 1, 1979, during a strike by dustmen in the London borough of Westminster. Leicester Square Soho, Part of the three-quarter mile backlog of rotting garage in London’s Finsbury Park, waiting to be cleared in 1979. LUL and the buses went on strike at times as well.

The death of Blair PeachEdit

Blair Peach was an active member of the East London Teachers' Association, a branch of the National Union of Teachers, and became its president in the last year of his life. He was also allegedly a member of the Socialist Workers' Party at the time of his death.

He was a campaigner and activist against far right and neo-Nazi organisations and a member of Anti-Nazi League.

Blair Peach attended a 3,000 strong demonstration held by the Anti-Nazi League outside the town hall in Southall on St George's Day, 1979, against a National Front meeting that was taking place in side the town hall, in the run-up to the 1979 UK general election. 2,500 police battled both mobs violent; more than 40 people, including 21 police, were injured and 300 were arrested.

Blair Peach was knocked unconscious in a side street, at the junction of Beachcroft Avenue and Orchard Avenue out side the now-demolished Dominion Cinema at 51.51051°N 0.38034°W, and died the next day in Ealing Hospital. Another demonstrator, Clarence Baker, a singer of the reggae band Misty in Roots, remained in a coma for five months.

A few days after Peach's death, 10,000 marched past the place in Southall where he collapsed and The now-demolished Dominion Cinema, which was where his body was lying in repose, was visited by 8,000 Sikhs on the eve of his funeral. A total of 10,000 people attended his funeral, which took place 51 days after 23 April.

The Public reaction to his death, along with other underlying racial tensions including excessive police use of the Sus law and the rough treatment that Blacks got when they were arrested, ultimately led to the 1981 Brixton riot and a public inquiry lead by Lord Scarman.

Blair Peach's memory lived on as a primary school in Southall was later named in his honer and the song "Reggae Fi Peach", on Linton Kwesi Johnson's album Bass Culture, chronicles the death of Blair Peach in the form of dub poetry, amongst other things.

Monday the 23th April/St George's Day is regarded as a pivotal cultural and moral event by many English fascists and neo-Nazis, especially for the years directly after Blair Peach's death.

The 1980 British Movement's London ralliesEdit

They held a rowdy rally that ran from Paddington and Marble Arch. London, 1980. there were scuffles with police and some arrests. A couple also occurred at a similar time in the East End.  

Nicky Crane,Crane was jailed in 1981 for his part in an ambush on black youths at Woolwich Arsenal station. An old bailey judge described Nicky Crane as "worse than an animal" after his part in the May 1978 bus stop attack that involved assault on a unsuspecting black family in Bishopsgate.

The 1981 Brixton riotsEdit

Both April and July 1981 saw a series of major riots in London, Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds and Liverpool by poor and jobless people, most of whom were Black. London's political 'Loony Left', the National Front and the National Newspapers soon took sides and started to stoke the flames of discontent.

The 1981 Brixton Riots (AKA- the "Bloody Saturday"/Brixton uprising), was a confrontation between London's Metropolitan Police and protesters in Lambeth, South London, England, between 10 and 11 April 1981.

Brixton in South London was an area with serious social and economic problems, similar to those in the East End and other inner city zones, such as Liverpool and Glasgow. Whilst racists fought Blacks in Toxteth, most of Liverpool and Glasgow were going to the hard left, not the far right. The United Kingdom as a whole was affected by a major recession by 1981, but the local African-Caribbean community was suffering particularly high unemployment, poor housing and a higher than average crime rate. They also suffered more racial discrimination than other ethnic grounds in the borough. In the preceding months there had been growing unease between the police and the inhabitants of Lambeth. In January 1981 a number of black youths died in an apparently accidental fire during a house party in New Cross, but the victims belied White Fascists/neo-Nazis had started it instead..

Darcus Howe and other black activists, organised the "Black People's Day of Action" march on the 2nd of March. The 5,000 to 25,000 marchers walked 17 miles from Deptford to Hyde Park, passing the Houses of Parliament and Fleet Street. While the majority of the peaceable march finished in Hyde Park without incident, there was some unwanted confrontation and scuffles with police at Blackfriars. Les Back wrote that "While the local press reported the march respectfully, the national papers unloaded the full weight of racial stereotyping." Some national tabloids portrayed it as a modern day version of the Battle of Rorke's Drift, which it was not.

At the beginning of April, the Metropolitan Police began Operation Swamp 81, a plainclothes operation to reduce crime and uniformed patrols were increased in the area. Officers their hated and legally dubious Special Patrol Group were dispatched into Brixton, and within 5 days, 943 people were stopped and searched, and 82 arrested, through the heavy use of the Sus law (a form of the stop and search powers). Whist criminality amongst the local Blacks was higher than average, the police went crazy and obsessively targeted them.

At around 17:15 on April 10th, a police constable spotted a black youth named Michael Bailey running towards him, apparently away from three other black youths. He was stopped and found to be badly bleeding, but broke away from the constable. Stopped again on Atlantic Road, He was found to have a four-inch stab wound. Michael Bailey ran into a flat and was helped by a family and the police constable there by putting kitchen roll on his wound.

A crowd gathered and, as the police then tried to take the wounded boy to a waiting minicab on Railton Road, the crowd tried to intervene thinking the police did not appear to be providing or seeking the medical help Michael Bailey needed quickly enough. As the minicab pulled away at speed a police car arrived and stopped the cab. When an officer from the police car realised Michael Bailey was injured he moved him into the back of the police car to take him to hospital more quickly, and bound his wound more tightly to stop the bleeding.

A group of 50 youths began to shout for his’s release thinking the police were arresting him. "Look, they’re killing him," claimed one. The crowd descended on the police car and pulled him out although the officers were trying to take him to hospital. The youths dispatched him to hospital and told officers: "Let us look after our own."

Rumours spread that a youth had been left to die by the police, or that the police looked on as the stabbed youth was lying on the street. Over 200 youths, black and white with predominantly Afro-Caribbean heritage reportedly turned on the police. In response the police decided to increase the number of police foot patrols in Railton Road, despite the tensions, and carry on with Operation Swamp 81 throughout the night of Friday the 10th and into the following day, Saturday the 11 April.

A it was then, allegedly, believed by the local community that the stabbed youth died as a result of police brutality, fuelling tensions throughout the day as crowds slowly gathered. Tensions first erupted around 4 pm, as two police officers stopped and searched a mini-cab in Railton Road. The Afro-Caribbean community then whinessed a frightening rebellion by it's own youth aginst the police and the local Whites.

The main riot on 11 April, dubbed "Bloody period Saturday" by TIME magazine, resulted in almost 280 injuries to police and 45 injuries to members of the public; over a hundred vehicles were burned, including 56 police vehicles; and almost 150 buildings were damaged, with 30 burned. There were 82 arrests. Reports suggested that up to 5,000 people were involved.

Whilst the Asians had also suffered at the hands of local racists and ethnicly bias cops they disliked the lawlessness of the Black youth.

The death of PC Kieth BlakelockEdit

Keith Henry Blakelock, a London Metropolitan Police constable, was killed on 6 October 1985 during racial rioting on the Broadwater Farm housing estate in Tottenham, north London. The trouble broke out after a local black woman allegedly cut a tantrum and died of heart failure during a allegedly rough police search of her home. Afro-Carribian and Northern English urban Whites had grown to hate the poice over the years and had for the most pat become lawless and in some cases openly criminal in nature.

PC Blakelock had been assigned on the night of his death to Serial 502, a unit of 10 constables and one sergeant dispatched to protect firefighters and was hacked to death by a Black supremacist mob. He was the first constable to be killed in a riot in Britain since 1833, when PC Robert Culley was stabbed to death in Clerkenwell, London.

When he was Lambeth Council leader during the 1985 Broadwater Farm riot, Bernie Grant was brought to the national attention when he was wrongly accused by the national newspapers of condoning the death of PC Blakelock by saying: "The youths around here believe the police were to blame for what happened on Sunday and what they got was a bloody good hiding." Bernie Grant claimed his words had been taken out of context, but offered an apology to the family of PC Blakelock.

The French communityEdit

The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (often abbreviated to RBKC) Has a peacefull French population of circa ~8,500.

The "Baa, Baa, White sheep" issueEdit

Baa Baa Black Sheep with Lyrics - Kids Songs and Nursery Rhymes by EFlashApps02:12

Baa Baa Black Sheep with Lyrics - Kids Songs and Nursery Rhymes by EFlashApps

Baa Baa Black Sheep with Lyrics - Kids Songs and Nursery Rhymes by EFlashApps.

The 1986 incident concerned the suposed possible (and false) coded racist meaning behind the nersary rhyme, which was originally made hundred of years ago to mock a medieval wool tax. The original story reported a Parent/Teacher Association (PTA) ban at Beevers Nursery, a privately run nursery school in the borough of Hackney. The  loony Left Hackney council then offered them offical support and thought they were ideologically right.

It was originally reported by Bill Akass, then a journalist at the Daily Star newspaper, in the 15 February 1986 edition under the headline "Now it's Baa Baa Blank Sheep". Bill Akass had heard of a ban issued, by nursery school staff, on the singing of the nursery rhyme "Baa, Baa, Black Sheep", on the grounds that it was racist and portrayed black sheep (allegedly code fore Blacks) as subservient to the people (allegedly code for the mostly White general public). The press then entered a political feeding frenzy for literally anything they could find that was a anti-Labour/left-wing in nature, most of which was false!

In a unrelated incident at about this time, Brent Council also chose to appoint race-relations advisers to schools and Ealing offered the local gay community 'gay only' days at council run swimming pools and sports centers even though the local gays said they did not want or need it.

Her are some Baa, Baa, Black sheep variations.

Life todayEdit

George Street (West), Croydon - geograph.org.uk - 829855

London has progressed greatly since the mid 1990s. George Street (West), Croydon The tram stop outside Allder's on George Street is one of the busiest on the system. In normal hours 20 to 30 trams an hour will serve this stop. Date-20 September 2001.

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 1 2-000:33

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 1 2-0

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 [1/2].

London Riots 2011 Our Crime56:26

London Riots 2011 Our Crime

London Riots of 2011. [Our Crime ].Summer 2011's UK riots saw the biggest act of mass public criminality for a generation.

The 2011 Tottenham Riots04:12

The 2011 Tottenham Riots

The 2011 Tottenham Riots.

There have been LUL and bus strikes since, and a mixture of anti-capitalists, ecologists, Reclaim the Streets, anti-Iraq war protesters, El Majaroon (a pro-Taliband lot) , the Countryside Alliance and ethnic minorities have rallied, marched, protested and rioted since, but is has never been as constant or bad as in the 1970s and 1980s.

The Camden markets, which started in 1973, when Camden Lock market proper started in a former timber-yard in 1973, and have now grown to 6 since then. The equily popular market in Inverness Steet is over 100 years old. Camden has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross.

By 1981, Limehouse had shared the London Docklands-wide physical, social and economic decline which led to the setting up of the London Docklands Development Corporation in these regions. Other places like Whitechapple, Shadwell, the Isle of Dogs, Wapping, Beckton and the Greenwich Peninsular have been revitalised since the late 1970s. Sadly, most of the better property is now in the hands of rich incomers and not the locals.

The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of London and has grown vastly ever since.

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an accidental under count that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure was 227,500 and the 2014 estimate was at 234,846.

In 2002, the Countryside Alliance organised the Liberty & Livelihood March, then the largest ever demonstration in British history, with almost half a million people marching through London to demonstrate against the proposed ban on fox hunting with hounds.

There were the horrific 7 July 2005 London bombings (AKA- The 7/7 attacks).

The scale of 10 Nov 2010 the London protest defied expectations, with as angry students rioted over tuition fees on the city's streets. 1 Dec 2010 was also chaotic as police arrested 153 people during clashes in London on the third day of protests against plans to raise student tuition fees. Several fires were lit, graffiti daubed on statues and missiles thrown at riot police.

The 6th to 16th of August 2011 UK wide riots started in Tottenham after a protest over the shooting of Mark Duggan protest turned ugly. Violence and looting spread across London and to other cities in England. Hackney to Croydon lay in ruins.

  • Whilst every one involved dose not fully know what happened and are not unwilling to let on, it is true that the shooting was controversial! Afro-Caribbeans were angry with the police enquiery. They were concerned about a possible cover-up and held a rally outside the local police station turned ugly.
  • Gangs began attacking any one who was not Black in Hackney LB, eastern Enfield LB and Hertfordshire's Broxtowe District. Wood Green's Tamils and Turks defended their shops. Soon, a multi-ethnic mayhem plundered and destroyed Central London and final burnt most of Croydon to the ground!
  • The Police did a good job as did the variose local malitias (Siekh, Moslim, Chinese, Surrymen, Jewish, Somali, French, American, Aussie, Turkish, Irish, Indian, Sinhales, Tamils, football fans, Essexians, Hertfordians, native East Enders, Berkshiremen, the staff of a south London leasure center and the staff of an Ealing LB industrial park).
  • Some major places like Newcatel-upon-Tyne, Exiter, Carliels, Belfast, Norwich, Hounslow LB, Sutton LB and Hillingdon LB were not ravished.
  • Minor scuffles and odd acts of vandalism and/or arson hit Glasgow and Cardiff; along with several English places, including- St. Albans, Banbury, Worcester, Portsmouth, Reading, Oxford and Milton Keynes.
  • Other notable armed risings were in-
  1. Salford- Hatred of Poles.
  2. Derby- General criminality.
  3. Nottingham- Theft by rich youngsters.
  4. Manchester- Peasants rebelling violently.
  5. Birmingham- Theft by rich youngsters.
  6. Liverpool- N/A.
  7. Toxtdith and near by places in the Liverpool Urban Area- N/A.
  8. Bristol- Hatred of a particular local Tesco shop. There was longstanding opposition to a Tesco Express store in Cheltenham Road, Stokes Croft, Bristol.
  9. West Bromwich and near by parts of the Black Country- Peasants rebelling violently.
  10. Coventry- General criminality.
  11. Wolverhampton- N/A.
  12. Lincoln- N/A.
  13. Gloucester- N/A.
  14. Gillingham- N/A.
  15. West Yorkshire County- N/A.
  • 5 Nov 2014 saw officers in riot gear at a number of points later drew batons and clashed with various localised protests in the city.
  • 1 November 2015 saw a band of 'Scumoween' ravers clash with London riot police.


Life todayEdit

George Street (West), Croydon - geograph.org.uk - 829855

London has progressed greatly since the mid 1990s. George Street (West), Croydon The tram stop outside Allder's on George Street is one of the busiest on the system. In normal hours 20 to 30 trams an hour will serve this stop. Date-20 September 2001.

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 1 2-000:33

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 1 2-0

London Underground Strike 09 June 2009 [1/2].

London Riots 2011 Our Crime56:26

London Riots 2011 Our Crime

London Riots of 2011. [Our Crime ].Summer 2011's UK riots saw the biggest act of mass public criminality for a generation.

The 2011 Tottenham Riots04:12

The 2011 Tottenham Riots

The 2011 Tottenham Riots.

Harrow-on-the-Hill stn platform 3 look north

Northbound Metropolitan line Platform 3 looking north at Harrow-on the Hill Tube\Chlitern Rail Station. Chiltern railways platforms are on the left. Outer London has better railways, slightly less crime, better air quality, less crowded non-rush-hour streets and lower house prices.

There have been LUL and bus strikes since, and a mixture of anti-capitalists, ecologists, Reclaim the Streets, anti-Iraq war protesters, El Majaroon (a pro-Taliband lot) , the Countryside Alliance and ethnic minorities have rallied, marched, protested and rioted since, but is has never been as constant or bad as in the 1970s and 1980s.

The Camden markets, which started in 1973, when Camden Lock market proper started in a former timber-yard in 1973, and have now grown to 6 since then. The equily popular market in Inverness Steet is over 100 years old. Camden has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross.

By 1981, Limehouse had shared the London Docklands-wide physical, social and economic decline which led to the setting up of the London Docklands Development Corporation in these regions. Other places like Whitechapple, Shadwell, the Isle of Dogs, Wapping, Beckton and the Greenwich Peninsular have been revitalised since the late 1970s. Sadly, most of the better property is now in the hands of rich incomers and not the locals.

The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of London and has grown vastly ever since.

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an accidental under count that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure was 227,500 and the 2014 estimate was at 234,846.

In 2002, the Countryside Alliance organised the Liberty & Livelihood March, then the largest ever demonstration in British history, with almost half a million people marching through London to demonstrate against the proposed ban on fox hunting with hounds.

There were the horrific 7 July 2005 London bombings (AKA- The 7/7 attacks).

The scale of 10 Nov 2010 the London protest defied expectations, with as angry students rioted over tuition fees on the city's streets. 1 Dec 2010 was also chaotic as police arrested 153 people during clashes in London on the third day of protests against plans to raise student tuition fees. Several fires were lit, graffiti daubed on statues and missiles thrown at riot police.

The 6th to 16th of August 2011 UK wide riots started in Tottenham after a protest over the shooting of Mark Duggan protest turned ugly. Violence and looting spread across London and to other cities in England. Hackney to Croydon lay in ruins.

  • Whilst every one involved dose not fully know what happened and are not unwilling to let on, it is true that the shooting was controversial! Afro-Caribbeans were angry with the police enquiery. They were concerned about a possible cover-up and held a rally outside the local police station turned ugly.
  • Gangs began attacking any one who was not Black in Hackney LB, eastern Enfield LB and Hertfordshire's Broxtowe District. Wood Green's Tamils and Turks defended their shops. Soon, a multi-ethnic mayhem plundered and destroyed Central London and final burnt most of Croydon to the ground!
  • The Police did a good job as did the variose local malitias (Siekh, Moslim, Chinese, Surrymen, Jewish, Somali, French, American, Aussie, Turkish, Irish, Indian, Sinhales, Tamils, football fans, Essexians, Hertfordians, native East Enders, Berkshiremen, the staff of a south London leasure center and the staff of an Ealing LB industrial park).
  • Some major places like Newcatel-upon-Tyne, Exiter, Carliels, Belfast, Norwich, Hounslow LB, Sutton LB and Hillingdon LB were not ravished.
  • Minor scuffles and odd acts of vandalism and/or arson hit Glasgow and Cardiff; along with several English places, including- St. Albans, Banbury, Worcester, Portsmouth, Reading, Oxford and Milton Keynes.
  • Other notable armed risings were in-
  1. Salford- Hatred of Poles.
  2. Derby- General criminality.
  3. Nottingham- Theft by rich youngsters.
  4. Manchester- Peasants rebelling violently.
  5. Birmingham- Theft by rich youngsters.
  6. Liverpool- N/A.
  7. Toxtdith and near by places in the Liverpool Urban Area- N/A.
  8. Bristol- Hatred of a particular local Tesco shop. There was longstanding opposition to a Tesco Express store in Cheltenham Road, Stokes Croft, Bristol.
  9. West Bromwich and near by parts of the Black Country- Peasants rebelling violently.
  10. Coventry- General criminality.
  11. Wolverhampton- N/A.
  12. Lincoln- N/A.
  13. Gloucester- N/A.
  14. Gillingham- N/A.
  15. West Yorkshire County- N/A.
  • 5 Nov 2014 saw officers in riot gear at a number of points later drew batons and clashed with various localised protests in the city.
  • 1 November 2015 saw a band of 'Scumoween' ravers clash with London riot police.

Historic data for Camden, Newham, Hackney and Tower Hamlets LBEdit

PopulationEdit

Camden and Tower Hamlets LB population 1801-2011.
Year Hackney. Tower Hamlets Newham Camden
1801 14,609 130,871 8,875 96,795
1811 19,523 . 11,166 124,741
1821 25,342 . 13,005 158,077
1831 35,482 . 15,553 192,228
1841 68,246 . 17,758 228,950
1851 94,961 330,548 24,875 270,197
1861 172,385 . 69,355 301,408
1871 249,810 . 113,835 332,619
1881 327,234 . 158,314 363,830
1891 369,209 . 259,155 337,500
1901 374,132 578,143 338,506 362,581
1911 379,120 571,438 442,158 349,184
1921 368,469 529,114 448,081 335,408
1931 358,117 489,956 454,096 322,212
1941 305,501 337,774 377,508 286,956
1951 260,626 232,860 313,837 255,558
1961 240,521 195,833 271,858 231,143
1971 221,975 164,699 235,496 209,097
1981 179,536 139,989 209,131 161,100
1991 187,792 167,985 221,146 181,489
2001 202,819 196,121 243,737 198,027
2011 213,573 254,096 307,984 .

Birth of Tower HamletsEdit

The earliest apparent use of the name "Tower Hamlets" was in the sixteenth century, when the Constable of the Tower of London commanded the Tower Hamlet Militia as the Lord Lieutenant of Tower Hamlets.

Diversity of Tower HamletsEdit

Tower Hamlets has one of the smallest indigenous populations of the boroughs in Britain. No ethnic group forms a majority of the population; a plurality of residents are of White ethnicity (45%) of which 31% are White British. Asians form 41% of the population, of which 32% are Bangladeshi which is the largest ethnic minority in the borough. A small proportion are of Black African and Caribbean descent (7%), with Somalis representing the second largest minority ethnic group. Those of mixed ethnic backgrounds form 4%, while other ethnic groups form 2%. The White British proportion was 31.2% in the 2011 census, falling from 42.9% in 2001.

As Tower Hamlets is considered as one of the world's most racially diverse zones, it holds various places of worship. According to the 2011 census, 34.5% of the population was Muslim, 27.1% Christian, 1.7% Hindu, 1.1% Buddhist, 1.1% followed other religions, 19.1% were not affiliated to a religion and 15.4% did not state their religion.

Hackney's demographicsEdit

Walking around Broadway Market, Hackney, London - Saturday 6th September 201418:37

Walking around Broadway Market, Hackney, London - Saturday 6th September 2014

This is a walk through of this bustling market; taking in the wonderful sights & sounds - we only wish you could smell & taste some of the delicious food being offered by the many street food stalls.

Hackney from the Air05:56

Hackney from the Air

Tony Robinson tells the story of Hackney from the air.

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 14,609. This rose steadily throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 95,000 in the middle of that century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased — reaching nearly 374,000 by the turn of the century. This increase in population peaked before World War I, falling slowly in the aftermath until World War II began an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). The population is now rising again, and the 2001 census gives Hackney a population of 202,824. The population is ethnically diverse. Of the resident population, 89,490 (41%) people describe themselves as White British. 30,978 (14%) are in other White ethnic groups, 63,009 (29%) are Black or Black British, 20,000 (9%) are Asian or Asian British, 8,501 (4%) describe themselves as 'Mixed', and 6,432 (3%) as Chinese or Other.

There is also a large Turkish and Kurdish population resident in Hackney. Turkish and Kurdish communities are located in all parts of the borough, though there is a greater concentration in north and central Hackney. 132,931 (66%) of the resident population were British born. A further 10,095 (5%) were born in other parts of Europe, and the remaining 59,798 (29%) born elsewhere in the world. The 2001 census also shows Christianity is the biggest religion in Hackney, with 44% of residents identifying Christian; 18% identified as Muslim, 4% Jewish, and 3% belonged to other religions. A further 19% stated no religion, and 12% did not state a response. By the 2011 census, residents identifying themselves as Christian fell to 38.6%, whilst those with no religion rose to 28.2%. Judaism had a modest increase, Islam had a small increase, and Hinduism made a slight drop. The largest rise of ethnic groups between 2001 and 2011 was 'Other', which increased by 222%. This was followed by 'Mixed', which rose by 84%. At the 2011 census, 6.3% of the population was Jewish, making it the third biggest in England after London Borough of Barnet and the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire. 32% of households are owner–occupied.

The 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer ParalympicsEdit

Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, in London, United Kingdom, is a sporting complex built for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics, situated to the east of the city adjacent to the Stratford City development. It contains the athletes' Olympic Village and several of the sporting venues including the Olympic Stadium and London Aquatics Centre, besides the London Olympics Media Centre.

The park is overlooked by the ArcelorMittal Orbit, an observation tower and Britain's largest piece of public art. It was simply called Olympic Park during the Games but was later renamed to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, (though it is not an official Royal Park of London). The park occupies an area straddling four east London boroughs; Newham, Tower Hamlets, Hackney and Waltham Forest. Part of the park reopened in July 2013, with a large majority of the rest (including the Aquatics Centre, Velopark and Orbit observation tower) reopening in April 2014.

Imaginary of the East End and environsEdit

VideosEdit

Rail Strike Negotiations (1955)02:07

Rail Strike Negotiations (1955)

Rail Strike Negotiations (1955).

Rail Strike Threatens Industry (1955)02:54

Rail Strike Threatens Industry (1955)

Rail Strike Threatens Industry (1955).

The Rail Strike Ends AKA Rail Strike Ends (1955)08:27

The Rail Strike Ends AKA Rail Strike Ends (1955)

The Rail Strike Ends AKA Rail Strike Ends (1955).

Running Again Aka Railways Back To Normal (1955)01:05

Running Again Aka Railways Back To Normal (1955)

Running Again Aka Railways Back To Normal (1955).

David johnston was attacked and stitched up the Wapping picket 198701:55

David johnston was attacked and stitched up the Wapping picket 1987

Mr David Johnston was attacked and stitched up the Wapping picket 1987

London Late 1940s in Colour... Georges Delerue (V02:46

London Late 1940s in Colour... Georges Delerue (V.rare footage)

This is rare footage of St. John's Wood area of North West London from the late 1940s. The music is by Georges Delerue.

STREETS OF LONDON IN 1960's03:26

STREETS OF LONDON IN 1960's

STREETS OF LONDON IN 1960's.

IN LONDON 1970's13:24

IN LONDON 1970's

LONDON IN THE 1970's.

Driving Through Old London (1950's)05:21

Driving Through Old London (1950's)

Driving Through Old London (1950's).

History Of London Underground-045:15

History Of London Underground-0

"History Of London Underground", a documentary about the history of the London Underground.

Also seeEdit

  1. CND
  2. Nazi
  3. Hippies
  4. Apartheid
  5. Harlem- 1950-1990
  6. A political diorama
  7. Italy's Years of Lead
  8. Soviet Jewish Refuseniks
  9. UK media bias 1991-2017
  10. The Paris riots of the 1960s
  11. London's political 'Loony Left'
  12. Red Army racism and shortages!
  13. Baa, Baa, Black sheep variations
  14. London's covert kinky and illegal sex life
  15. March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
  16. African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)
  17. "London's Burning" (the political epithet, not the UK TV show)
  18. How 6 London and Blackwall Railway stations are an analogy of London's East End!

LinksEdit

  1. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_table_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_TPop&u_id=10057346&c_id=10001043&add=N
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  3. http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/Documents/Borough_statistics/Ward_profiles/Census-2011/RB-Census2011-Ethnicity-2013-01.pdf
  4. http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/lgsl/351-400/367_census_information/2011_census.aspx
  5. http://www.audit-commission.gov.uk/Products/BVIR/ECC85820-A585-11d7-B311-0060085F8572/TowerHamletsMajorWorks.pdf%7C
  6. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6275287&c=tower+hamlets&d=13&e=61&g=6337981&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1365285707760&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2579
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Borough_of_Wandsworth
  8. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/acts-ordinances-interregnum/pp1057-1058
  9. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/23/newsid_2523000/2523959.stm
  10. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/1981_Brixton_riot
  11. http://www.urban75.org/brixton/history/riot.html
  12. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/1981_England_riots
  13. http://www.theguardian.com/uk/picture/2013/apr/11/brixton-riots-1981-margaret-thatcher
  14. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Royal_Borough_of_Kensington_and_Chelsea
  15. http://www.digplanet.com/wiki/Category:UK_miners%27_strike_%281984%E2%80%9385%29
  16. http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/archive/index.php/t-522009.html
  17. http://wn.com/uk_miners_strike_1984_85
  18. http://www.wapping-dispute.org.uk/
  19. http://www.eplates.info/maps/LU1972-1980.html
  20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/15/newsid_2512000/2512725.stm
  21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/10/newsid_2518000/2518541.stm
  22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/10/newsid_4045000/4045495.stm
  23. http://us.wow.com/wiki/UK_miners%27_strike_(1984%E2%80%931985)
  24. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Bangladeshi#History
  25. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Keith_Blakelock
  26. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UK_miners'_strike_(1984–85)
  27. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-Day_Week#Background
  28. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Poll_Tax_Riots
  29. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Kray_twins
  30. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Special_Patrol_Group
  31. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Death_of_Blair_Peach
  32. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Notting_Hill_Carnival
  33. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Clerkenwell
  34. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/British_African-Caribbean_people
  35. http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/image_galleries/london_thru_lens_gallery.shtml?14
  36. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/British_Movement
  37. http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/HU007879/british-movement-march-through-london
  38. http://bussongs.com/songs/baa-baa-white-sheep.php
  39. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Black_sheep
  40. http://bussongs.com/songs/baa-baa-black-sheep.php
  41. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Baa,_Baa,_Black_Sheep
  42. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Paedophile_Information_Exchange
  43. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Loony_left
  44. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loony_left
  45. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sus_law
  46. http://averypublicsociologist.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/labour-vs-militant-tendency.html
  47. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Knight_(politician)
  48. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/the-rise-and-fall-of-red-teds-loony-lefties-1593657.html
  49. http://bussongs.com/songs/baa-baa-white-sheep.php
  50. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/may/21/1968theyearofrevolt.antiwar
  51. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/march/17/newsid_4090000/4090886.stm
  52. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Death_of_Blair_Peach
  53. http://www.magnumphotos.com/Catalogue/David-Hurn/1968/GB-London-Anti-Vietnam-War-Riots-1968-NN162836.html
  54. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/on-this-day--thousands-of-anti-vietnam-protesters-clash-with-police-in-london-161217942.html
  55. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Docklands_Light_Railway
  56. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Wapping_dispute
  57. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Shirley_Porter
  58. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Nuclear-free_zone
  59. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Homes_for_votes_scandal
  60. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Shirley_Porter
  61. http://www.conservapedia.com/Winter_of_Discontent
  62. http://www.businessinsider.com/thatcher-and-the-winter-of-discontent-2013-4#ixzz3iAINpK00
  63. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Winter_of_Discontent
  64. http://www.businessinsider.com/thatcher-and-the-winter-of-discontent-2013-4?IR=T
  65. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Hunting_Act_2004
  66. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Poll_Tax_Riots
  67. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Countryside_Alliance
  68. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/may/21/1968theyearofrevolt.antiwar
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  70. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Death_of_Blair_Peach
  71. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Limehouse
  72. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/History_of_Bangladeshis_in_the_United_Kingdom
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  74. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Brick_Lane
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  76. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Edward_Heath
  77. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/road-and-rail-transport/10794806/Tube-strike-London-Underground-live.html
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  79. http://www.urban75.org/brixton/history/riot.html
  80. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/1981_England_riots
  81. http://www.theguardian.com/uk/picture/2013/apr/11/brixton-riots-1981-margaret-thatcher
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  83. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Bernie_Grant
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  86. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/10/newsid_4045000/4045495.stm

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