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Thier nameEdit

The turm OKB is a transliteration of the Russian initials of "Опытное конструкторское бюро" – Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro, meaning: "Experimental Design Bureau".

Thier functionEdit

The OKBs were closed organisations and politicly monitored Soviet institutions working on design and prototyping of advanced technology, usually for military applications. They were meant to do the designing, testing, publicity/propaganda and proto-type production work, not the post-testing mass production work tat was in fact done by politicly trustworthy factories else-were. Some were made under licence in places like Poland, Cuba, E. Germany, Czechoslovakia and China amongst others.

NamesEdit

Many were named after there founder, who some times was so awesome and/or famous it stayed in-suite after his death or purging.

The Antonov company was established in 1946 in Novosibirsk as a top-secret Soviet Research and Design Bureau No. 153, headed by Oleg Antonov and specialised in turboprop military transport aircraft. It made great strides in cargo aircraft and engine dising over the years.

The Sukhoi Company (JSC) was founded by Pavel Sukhoi in 1939 as the Sukhoi Design Bureau (OKB-51, design office prefix Su). It was major Russian manufacturer and designer of both civilian and military aircraft. It was head-quartered in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.  

FateEdit

Most were sold off in the 1990s. A few of the reset were sold off in the early 2000s. Mergers and buyouts occurred in the late 1990s and early 2000s. A few went broke in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

49 examplesEdit

  1. KB-1 – NPO Almaz, Vitaly Shabanov
  2. OKB-1 – Korolev (today RSC Energia)
  3. OKB-1 – Dr. Brunolf Baade disbanded by 1953 (Mr. Alekseyev banished here to oversee the East German teams)
  4. OKB-2 – early name of MKB Raduga (OKB-155-2)
  5. OKB-3 – Bratukhin
  6. OKB-4 – Matus Bisnovat's Design Bureau(differ from NPO Molniya)
  7. OKB-8 – Novator (long-range SAMs)
  8. OKB-19 – Shvetsov, Soloviev. Now: "Perm MKB".
  9. OKB-20 – Klimov, Omsk-Motors
  10. OKB-21 – Alexeyev
  11. OKB-23 – Myasishchev (also OKB-482)
  12. OKB-24 – Mikulin
  13. OKB-26 – Klimov
  14. OKB-39 – Ilyushin
  15. OKB-45 – Klimov
  16. OKB-47 – Yakovlev originally, transferred to Shcherbakov
  17. OKB-49 – Beriev
  18. OKB-51 – Sukhoi
  19. OKB-52 – Chelomei
  20. OKB-86 – Bartini
  21. OKB-115 – Yakovlev
  22. OKB-117 – Klimov, Izotov
  23. OKB-120 – Zhdanov (surname)
  24. OKB-124 – N/A (cooling systems for Tu-121)
  25. OKB-134 – Vympel
  26. OKB-140 – N/A (first hydro-alcohol starter-generators for Tu-121)
  27. OKB-153 – Antonov
  28. OKB-154 – Kosberg, previously OKB-296
  29. OKB-155 – Mikoyan (formerly Mikoyan-Gurevich)
  30. OKB-155-2 – (sometimes designated as OKB-2-155) OKB-155 spin-off in Dubna. Gurevich, Berezniak, Isaev... Now MKB Raduga.
  31. OKB-156 – Tupolev
  32. OKB-165 – Lyulka
  33. OKB-207 – Borovkov and Florov (Borovkov-Florov D, Borovkov-Florov I-207)
  34. OKB-240 – Yermolaev
  35. OKB-256 – Tsybin
  36. OKB-276 – Kuznetsov
  37. OKB-296 – renamed to OKB-154 in 1946 KB Khimavtomatika
  38. OKB-300 – Tumansky
  39. OKB-301 – Lavochkin
  40. OKB-329 – Mil
  41. SKB-385 – Makeev
  42. OKG-456 – Glushko
  43. OKB-458 – Chetverikov
  44. OKB-478 – Ivchenko
  45. OKB-575 – Kovrov
  46. OKB-586 – Yangel
  47. OKB-692 – JSC "Khartron" (formerly KB electropriborostroeniya, then NPO "Electropribor")
  48. OKB-794 – Leninets
  49. OKB-938 – Kamov

Also seeEdit

  1. Political Bureau (Politburo)
  2. Daewoo Group and Daewoo Corporation

ImagesEdit

LinksEdit

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OKB
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikoyan
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Moscow_Helicopter_Plant
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupolev
  5. http://steeljawscribe.com/2015/04/10/flightdeck-friday-red-star-edition-%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F-%D0%B7%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%B0-%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5-the-tu-22-blinder-tu-22m-bac
  6. http://www.wordaz.com/konstruktorskoye.html
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S.P._Korolev_Rocket_and_Space_Corporation_Energia
  8. http://translation.babylon.com/english/Okb/
  9. http://thesaurus.babylon.com/OKB#!!453DFES9PJ
  10. http://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=OKB
  11. http://translation.babylon.com/english/Design+bureau/
  12. http://www.encyclo.co.uk/meaning-of-OKB
  13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukhoi
  14. http://www.testpilot.ru/russia/sukhoi/su_e.htm
  15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sputnik_1
  16. http://engine.avias.com/issues/25/page22.html
  17. https://web.archive.org/web/20050221050008/http://www.aviation.ru/okb.php
  18. http://www.sukhoi.org/eng/planes/military/su24mk/history/