|Launch vehicle.||Sputnik 8K71PS.|
|Launch date.||4 October 1957, 19:28:34 UTC.|
|Launch site.||Baikonur 1/5.|
|Ceased operations.||26 October 1957.|
|Owner(s).||OKB-1 (Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro #1).|
|Major contractor(s) .||OKB-1 and the Ministry of Radio-technical Industry.|
|Is it still in orbit.||It burnt up on 4 January 1958.|
|Launch mass.||83.60 kg (184.3 lb).|
|Satellite type.||Technology testing.|
The Soviet government issued a secret decree that authorised the development of 'Object D' satellite program in 1956, which led to the program to launch Sputnik 3. Ironically Sputnik 1 (Russian: "Спу́тник-1" English: "Elimentry Satellite-1", or literally "fellow traveler") was only a simplified spin-off of the Object D program. It was the Soviets's first satellite.
Sputnik was to ignite the American issues of the missile gap, the Sputnik crisis and the space race. The successfully launch of anything from a still backward USSR was in stark contrast to the American Flopnik incident.