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A "coup d'état" (plural coups ). noun \ˌkü dā-ˈtä, ˈkü dā-ˌ, -də-\. : a sudden attempt by a small group of people such as the armed forces, whether military or paramilitary, or an opposing faction of the government to legally take over usually through the violent seizure of power. [[1]].

EntomologyEdit

1640-1650, French, literally: “stroke of state” [[2]][[3]][[4]], “blow of state” [[5]] or “blow against the state” [[6]].

The conceptEdit

In Coup d'État: A Practical Handbook, military historian Edward Luttwak states that "[a] coup consists of the infiltration of a small, but critical, segment of the state apparatus, which is then used to displace the government from its control of the remainder." [[7]]

Results Edit

Coups generally change the established order of a nation’s ruling class when the government is replace it with a new ruling body, wether it be civil (a cabal, national salvation committee, revolutionary council, etc.) or military (a junta, supreme military council, national salvation committee, revolutionary council, etc.).[[8]]. The coup leaders will less often bring fundamental changes to the people such as ending torture, no donkey/kangaroo courts or free public education. [[9]] This is different to a revolution or popular/public uprising were the people or a wide section of the population take power by force and implement changes aimed at helping the masse like free education, no donkey/kangaroo courts and ending torture [[10]].

A coup d'état is considered successful when the usurpers establish their dominance. When the coup neither fails completely nor succeeds, a civil war or a counter coup is the most likely consequence of its failure [[11]].

A 'Putsch'Edit

Since an unsuccessful coup d'état in 1920 (the Kapp Putsch), the Swiss German word Putsch (pronounced [pʊtʃ]; was coined for the Züriputsch of 1839) also denotes the same politico-military actions. [[12]]

ExamplesEdit

  1. The Kapp Putsch
  2. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
  3. Andrés Rodríguez
  4. General Alfredo Stroessner
  5. The Beer Hall Putsch
  6. Nigerian military juntas of 1966–1979 and 1983–1998.

Also seeEdit

  1. Military dictatorship
  2. 1880's-1910's Brazilian notes.
  3. African map links page
  4. Atomic warfare information notes.
  5. Baltics are Waking Up
  6. Cold War secret police organisations
  7. Estonia did have a submarine in 1937!
  8. How Governments become Authoritarian
  9. Lithuanian did have a navy, army air-force and natural resources in 1933!
  10. Minerals and fuel in central Africa
  11. Nations and vassal states of 1490-1500
  12. Nations in 1988
  13. Nations in 1991
  14. Nations
  15. A political diorama
  16. How Governments become Authoritarian
  17. How to tell your election was rigged!
  18. O.T.L. history notes
  19. OTL Decolonisation notes
  20. OTL Natural disasters
  21. Singing Revolution
  22. Lord Louis Mountbatten's very British coup
  23. The "Baltic Chain" demonstration on August 23, 1989
  24. The O.T.L. Operation High Jump conspiracy theory
  25. The Swiss National Redoubt (1880-2010)
  26. Today's OTL types of economies, societies and regimes
  27. UK and Commonwealth OTL troop numbers in WW1
  28. UK and Commonwealth OTL troop numbers in WW2
  29. UK OTL atomic reactors in 1962
  30. Why the USSR broke up in reality
  31. The 1973 Chilean coup d'état
  32. What is a coup d'état?
  33. Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948
  34. Lord Louis Mountbatten's very British coup

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